Alignment: Overall Summary

The Fundations Kindergarten materials reviewed partially meet the criteria for alignment to standards and research-based practices for foundational skills instruction. The instructional materials reviewed for Kindergarten provide explicit and frequent instruction and practice in letter identification. There are limited opportunities for students to identify letters in meaningful print without the addition of supplemental texts.  Materials provide limited instructional support for general concepts of print. Materials provide limited phonological awareness modeling, practice, and review before phonics instruction begins. The program includes frequent opportunities for instruction and practice with newly-acquired phonics skills as students decode and encode words. Application opportunities for decoding phonetically-regular words is not evenly distributed across the program. The materials also lack systematic and repeated modeling that may be necessary for some students to achieve mastery of long vowel sounds. Materials include limited systematic instruction of high-frequency words and limited opportunities to practice reading of high-frequency words to develop automaticity. Opportunities for students to practice decoding to develop accuracy and fluency and to read emergent-reader texts for purpose and understanding is limited.

See Rating Scale
Understanding Gateways

Alignment

|

Partially Meets Expectations

Gateway 1:

Standards and Research-Based Practices

0
28
50
58
38
50-58
Meets Expectations
29-49
Partially Meets Expectations
0-28
Does Not Meet Expectations

Gateway 2:

Implementation, Support Materials & Assessment

0
24
44
50
35
44-50
Meets Expectations
25-43
Partially Meets Expectations
0-24
Does Not Meet Expectations

Gateway One

Alignment to Standards and Research-Based Practices for Foundational Skills Instruction

Partially Meets Expectations

+
-
Gateway One Details

The instructional materials reviewed for Kindergarten provide explicit and frequent instruction and practice in letter identification. There are limited opportunities for students to identify letters in meaningful print without the addition of supplemental texts.  Materials provide limited instructional support for general concepts of print. Materials provide limited phonological awareness modeling, practice, and review before phonics instruction begins. The program includes frequent opportunities for instruction and practice with newly-acquired phonics skills as students decode and encode words. Application opportunities for decoding phonetically-regular words is not evenly distributed across the program. The materials also lack systematic and repeated modeling that may be necessary for some students to achieve mastery of long vowel sounds. Systematic instruction of high-frequency words and opportunities to practice reading of high-frequency words to develop automaticity are present in the materials, however the number of words included may not be sufficient for students to be prepared for the next grade level and students may not have sufficient opportunities to read and write high-frequency words in authentic tasks. Opportunities for students to practice decoding to develop accuracy and fluency and to read emergent-reader texts for purpose and understanding is limited.

Criterion 1a - 1b

Materials and instruction provide embedded support with general concepts of print, and systematic and explicit instruction and practice for letter recognition.
8/10
+
-
Criterion Rating Details

The instructional materials reviewed for Kindergarten provide explicit instruction in letter identification for all 26 letters (uppercase and lowercase) and materials engage students in frequent practice of letter identification. There are limited opportunities for students to identify letters in meaningful print without the addition of supplemental texts. Students receive explicit instruction to print and practice both upper- and lowercase letters. Materials partially meet the criteria for materials provide instructional support for general concepts of print. 

Indicator 1a

Letter Identification
0/0

Indicator 1a.i

Materials provide explicit instruction for letter identification of all 26 letters (uppercase and lowercase) (K).
2/2
+
-
Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten meet the criteria for the expectation that materials provide explicit instruction for letter identification of all 26 letters (uppercase and lowercase). (K) 

In the Level K Fundations instructional materials, letter identification begins on Day 3 of the Orientation unit. All 26 letters, uppercase and lowercase, are introduced and explicitly taught in Unit 1, Weeks 1-12 of the program. The teacher introduces letters using the Letter-Keyword-Sound Learning Activity. Materials for letter identification include Large Sound Cards and Standard Sound Cards, an Alphabet Wall Strip, and magnetic letter tiles. The explicit instruction of letter identification is systematic and consistent throughout the program.  

Materials contain isolated, systematic and explicit instruction for all 26 letters (recognize and name uppercase and lowercase). Examples include, but are not limited to:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Orientation Unit, Day 3, Letter-Keyword-Sound, page 56, the teacher holds up the Letter Sound Card with the letter t and asks if anyone knows the name of the letter.  The teacher tells students the letter name. The teacher holds up the picture and asks what is this picture (top). The teacher says the word top, emphasizes the /t/ sound at the beginning of the word and tells students that the word begins with the sound /t/. The teacher explains that the purpose of the picture to help them remember that the letter makes a special sound. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 3, Day 1, Letter-Keyword-Sound, page 84, the teacher tells students they will learn two very important letters called vowels. The teacher explains every word requires a vowel. Using the Large Sound Cards and the Standard Sound Cards, the teacher shows students that vowels are a different color than consonants (salmon-colored cards). The teacher follows the procedure for Letter-Keyword-Sound for i and u.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 4, Day 1, Letter-Keyword-Sound, pages 94-95, instruction for letters c and o is described. The teacher introduces Letter-Keyword-Sound with Large and Standard Sound Cards, c-cat-/k/ and o-octopus-/ō/. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 11, Day 1, Letter-Keyword-Sound, pages 164-165, the teacher provides instruction for letters y and x. The teacher introduces Letter-Keyword-Sound with Large Sound Cards and Standard Sound Cards, y-yellow-/y/ and x-fox-/ks/. The teacher links the letter name, keyword, and sound with the letters y and x formation. The teacher follows Learning Activity.

There is a defined sequence for letter instruction to be completed in a reasonable time frame over the school year.

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, page 60, indicates that two to three letters are taught each week. The teacher shows the Large Sound Cards and Standard Sound Cards to teach identification of each letter.
    • Week 1: Tt, Bb, Ff
    • Week 2: Nn, Mm
    • Week 3: Ii, Uu
    • Week 4: Cc, Oo
    • Week 5: Aa, Gg
    • Week 6: Dd, Ss
    • Week 7: Ee, Rr
    • Week 8: Pp, Jj
    • Week 9: Ll, Hh, Kk
    • Week 10: Vv, Ww
    • Week 11: Yy, Xx
    • Week 12: Zz, Qq

Indicator 1a.ii

Materials engage students in sufficient practice of letter identification.(K)
2/2
+
-
Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten meet the criteria for the expectation that materials engage students in routine practice of letter identification. (K)

The Level K Fundations instructional materials include routine practice of letter identification for students. Materials include Large Sound Cards and Standard Sound Cards for students to identify all 26 letters. There are the following materials for students to reference letters: Alphabet Wall Strip, student desk tags with letters (Aa-Zz), and magnetic letter tiles. During the following Learning Activities, students practice identifying letters: Letter-Keyword-Sound, Echo/Find Letters, Make It Fun, Drill Sounds/Warm-Up, and Alphabetical Order. Students practice identifying letters in their student notebook. 

Materials provide students with frequent opportunities to engage in practice identifying all 26 letters (uppercase and lowercase). Examples include, but are not limited to:

  • In Fundations Teacher's Manual Level K, Orientation Unit, Day 3, page 56, Introduce Letter-Keyword-Sound, after the teacher states t-top-/t/ with the Large Sound Card, the students echo the teacher by saying t-top-/t/. The teacher shows the letter t on the Standard Sound Card. Students echo t-top-/t/. 
  • In Fundations Teacher's Manual Level K, Unit 1, Week 7, Day 3, page 124, Letter-Keyword-Sound, after the teacher states e-Ed-/e/ with the Large Sound Card, the students echo the teacher by saying e-Ed-/e/. The teacher shows the letter e on the Standard Sound Card. Students echo e-Ed-/e/. 
  • In Fundations Teacher's Manual Level K, Unit 1, Week 9, Day 1, page 144, Letter-Keyword-Sound, after the teacher states l-lamp-/l/ with the Large Sound Card, the students echo the teacher by saying l-lamp-/l/. The teacher shows the letter e on the Standard Sound Card. Students echo l-lamp-/l/. 

Materials provide opportunities to engage in practice locating all 26 letters (uppercase and lowercase). Examples include, but are not limited to:

  • In Fundations Teacher's Manual Level K, Unit 1, Week 1, Day 3, Echo/Find Letters, page 69, students use their magnetic letter tiles to locate letters. The teacher asks students to identify the sounds and letters for t, b, f. The teacher calls on individual students to come to the front of the class to find and point to letters on the Standard Sound Cards.
  • In Fundations Teacher's Manual Level K, Unit 1, Week 5, Day 3, Echo/Find Letters, page 109, students use their magnetic letter tiles to locate letters. The teacher asks students to identify the sounds and letters for t, b, f, n, m, i, u, c, o, a, g.  The teacher calls on individual students to come to the front of the class to find and point to letters on the Standard Sound Cards.
  • In Fundations Teacher's Manual Level K, Unit 1, Week 11, Day 2, Echo/Find Letters, page 167, students use their magnetic letter tiles to locate letters. The teacher asks students to identify the sounds and letters for t, b, f, n, m, i, u, c, o, a, g, d, s, e, r, p, j, l, h, k, v, w, y, x.  The teacher calls on individual students to come to the front of the class to find and point to letters on the Standard Sound Cards.

Materials provide opportunities to engage in naming all 26 letters (uppercase and lowercase). Examples include, but are not limited to:

  • In Fundations Teacher's Manual Level K, Unit 2, Week 1, Day 3, Alphabetical Order, page 195, students have magnetic letter tiles on the blank side of their Letter Boards. The teacher asks students to sequentially match letter tiles on the letter squares. Students chorally say the alphabet, pointing to each letter as they say its name. 
  • In Fundations Teacher's Manual Level K, Unit 3, Week 6, Day 1, Alphabetical Order, page 287, students have magnetic letter tiles on the blank side of their Letter Boards. The teacher asks students to sequentially match letter tiles on the letter squares. Students chorally say the alphabet, pointing to each letter as they say its name. 
  • In Fundations Teacher's Manual Level K, Unit 1, Week 6, Day 3, Make It Fun, Keyword Puzzle, page 118, each student receives a puzzle piece for the letters taught so far and the picture puzzle pieces. The teacher directs students, “Stand up if you have the letter b. Stand up if you have the picture that goes with b.” Students put the puzzle pieces together in front of the class, and all students say the letter-keyword-sound. 

Indicator 1a.iii

Materials embed letter identification practice in meaningful print use.(K)
1/2
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-
Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for the expectation that materials embed letter identification practice in meaningful print use. (K)

The Level K Fundations program includes minimal use of letter identification practice in meaningful print. ABC storybooks are utilized three times in Unit 2 to transfer knowledge to meaningful print. Storytime stories are located on the online companion, Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC) for presenting on a white board or chart. Students are asked to locate words in the passage. There are references in the Teacher's Manual to using an ABC storybook selected by the teacher, but the ABC storybooks are not supplied.

Examples of materials contain a variety of tasks/activities that apply letter identification and naming of all 26 uppercase letters to meaningful print use (e.g., initial letter of a child’s name, environmental print, letter assortments, alphabet books, shared writing) include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 11, Day 4, Word Play, page 170, the teacher states: Mike and Amanda have freckles. The teacher tells students that every sentence begins with a capital letter, so the teacher needs to use the tall frame first. The teacher tells students to use the tall frame for the name, because all names begin with a capital letter.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 12, Day 4, Word Play, page 180, the teacher states: Sondra and Shana had fun. The teacher tells students that every sentence begins with a capital letter, so the teacher needs to use the tall frame first. The teacher tells students to use the tall frame for the name because all names begin with a capital letter.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher’s Manual, Unit 2, Week 1, Day 5, p. 199, Storytime, teachers are directed to select an ABC book. A list of titles with author and publication information is provided for a small collection. The teacher is directed to stop on a letter page and point it out.  “Have a student tell you the corresponding keyword and sound.  Have students find and name words that begin with the letter sounds.”

Examples of materials contain a variety of tasks/activities that apply letter identification and naming of all 26 lowercase letters to meaningful print use (e.g., initial letter of a child’s name, environmental print, letter assortments, alphabet books, shared writing).

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 2, Day 5, page 208, in the Storytime activity, the teacher is directed to select an ABC book.  A list of titles with author and publication information is provided for a small collection. Teachers are directed to stop on a letter page and point it out. “Have a student tell you the corresponding keyword and sound.  Have students find and name words that begin with the letter sounds.”
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 3, Day 5, page 218, in the Storytime activity, the teacher is directed to select an ABC book. A list of titles with author and publication information is provided for a small collection. Teachers are directed to stop on a letter page and point it out. “Have a student tell you the corresponding keyword and sound.  Have students find and name words that begin with the letter sounds.”

Indicator 1a.iv

Materials provide explicit instruction to print and to practice forming the 26 letters (uppercase and lowercase).(K-1)
2/2
+
-
Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten meet the criteria for materials provide explicit instruction to print and to practice the 26 letters (uppercase and lowercase).

The Level K Fundations materials provides instruction in letter formation of all 26 lowercase letters, two-to-three per week, in Unit 1 over the course of 12 weeks using the Sky Write/Letter Formation procedure. Uppercase letter formation, two-to-three letters per week, is included daily and presented alphabetically in Unit 2 over the course of 4 weeks. Materials include clear directions for the teacher to explain how to use Wilson font to make each of the 26 letters, upper and lowercase. Students are provided daily opportunities to practice. Methods for explicit teaching and student practice include skywriting, writing on Dry Erase Writing Tablets, and the use of paper/pencil in Student Notebooks. 

Examples of materials include clear directions for the teacher concerning how to explain and model how to correctly form each of the 26 letters (uppercase and lowercase) include:

  • In the Fundations Letter Formation Guide, the teacher has specific verbalization to direct students in proper letter formation. 
    • Letter Formation for a. a is a plane line round letter. It starts on the plane line. Point to the plane line. Go back on the plane line then down and around on the grass line, and up to the plane line. Trace back down to the grass line. Say a apple /a/; have students repeat.
    • Letter Formation for l. l is a sky line letter. It starts on the sky line. Point to the sky line. Go down to the grass line and stop. Say l lamp /l/; have students repeat.
    •  Letter Formation for H. Point to the sky line. Go down to the grass line. Leave a space and point to the sky line. Go down to the grass line. Cross straight on the plane line. Say h hat /h/; have students repeat.

Examples of materials include frequent opportunities for students to practice forming all of the 26 letters (uppercase and lowercase) include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 2, Day 2, page 203, Echo/Letter Formation, students practice capital letters on the Dry Erase Writing Tablet. The teacher dictates sounds, /a/, /b/, /k/, /d/. Students repeat the sound and name the letter. The teacher uses verbalizations to direct them to first make the uppercase letter, then the corresponding lowercase letter. Students then say letter-keyword-sound.  
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 1, Day 3, page 241, Echo/Letter Formation, students practice 5-6 previously taught letters and sounds on the Dry Erase Writing Tablets. The teacher dictates sounds. Students repeat the sound and name the letter. One student makes the letter on the Large Letter Formation Grid, while the rest of the students write their answer on their  Dry Erase Writing Tablet.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 1, Day 4, page 309, Echo/Letter Formation, students practice 5-6 previously taught letters and sounds on the Dry Erase Writing Tablets. The teacher dictates sounds. Students repeat the sound and name the letter. One student makes the letter on the Large Letter Formation Grid, while the rest of the students write their answer on their  Dry Erase Writing Tablet.

Examples of materials include frequent opportunities for students to practice forming letters using multimodal and/or multi-sensory methods.

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 1, Day 2, Sky Write/Letter Formation, page 66, the teacher follows the activity procedure and has students sky write letters (b and f).
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 11, Day 2, Sky Write/Letter Formation, page 166, the teacher follows the activity procedure and has students sky write letters (y and x).
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 3, Day 1, page 211, Student Notebook, students find the capital letters I and J. During teacher verbalization students trace the large uppercase letter, then lowercase with their index finger.  Next, students practice in their Student Notebooks with a pencil. Teachers circulate the room and assist students with the correct position and the proper pencil grip.

Indicator 1b

Materials provide instructional support for general concepts of print and connect learning of print concepts to books (K-1) and provide cumulative review of print concepts, letter identification, and printing letters. (K-early Grade 1)
1/2
+
-
Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials provide instructional support for general concepts of print and connect learning of print concepts to books (K-1) and provide cumulative review of print concepts, letter identification, and printing letters. (K-early Grade 1).

 The Level K Fundations curriculum provides limited explicit instructional support for general concepts of print, including print carries meaning, reading left to right, and words are made of letters. Through various Learning Activities, students learn that words are made of letters. Storytime activities implicitly teach following print left to right and top to bottom through the use of Sentence Frames and stories printed on chart paper. Teachers are not instructed to specifically discuss spacing between words. Instruction in all concepts of print are not sufficiently and explicitly taught. The program does not provide opportunities for students to interact meaningfully with books or to identify, practice, and/or reinforce print concepts to books. Materials do not include explicit instruction about the organization of print concepts in the context of a book. Book titles are suggested in the Teacher's Manual for Storytime activities, but the books are not provided to teachers or students. There are opportunities for the teacher and students to review previously learned letter names and letter formation. 

Materials do not include sufficient and explicit instruction for all students about the organization of print concepts (e.g., follow words left to right, spoken words correlate to sequences of letters, letter spacing) include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 1, Day 4, page 70, Word Play activity, Word Awareness does not include explicit instruction on left to right orientation. The orientation is only implied by the visual of the Sentence Frames for the posted sentence.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 1, Day 4, page 309, Trick Word Practice, left to right progression is not intentionally taught. It is used with the sentence frames and word scooping in the sentence resource.

 Examples of materials include some lessons, tasks, and questions for all students about the organization of print concepts (e.g., follow words left to right, spoken words correlate to sequences of letters, letter spacing) include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 1, Day 1, Introduce New Concepts, page 349, the teacher posts a sentence. The teacher uses Baby Echo to point to the words while reading the sentence. The teacher discusses the capital letter at the beginning of the sentence and the period at the end. The teacher posts a different sentence with an exclamation point and discusses the exclamation point.
  • In the Level K, Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 2, Day 2, Teach Trick Words, page 361, the teacher writes the dictated sentence (Of course, I love you!) on the Sentence Frame. The teacher discusses capitalization and punctuation.

Materials do not include sufficient and explicit instruction about the organization of print concepts (e.g,. follow words left to right, spoken words correlate to sequences of letters, letter spacing) in the context of a book.

  • Print concept instruction is limited to identification of the front and back cover and the terms title, author and illustrator.  
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 5, Day 5, page 285, Storytime, the manual suggests titles of picture books for the teacher, but those books are not provided to teachers. Before reading a picture book, teachers are directed to look at the front and back cover of the book with the students. The teacher is directed to discuss the terms title, author, and illustrator.

Examples of materials contain some periodic cumulative review opportunities during which the teacher reminds students about previously learned grade-level print concepts, letter identification, and letter formation include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 5, Day 2, page 107, Echo/Letter Formation, the teacher dictates new sounds and a selection of previously taught sounds. The teacher says the sound, and the students echo the sound and say the letter. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 1, Day 1, page 191, Sky Write/Letter Formation, teachers are directed to review letter formation for 5 to 6 letters students have learned. Selected students trace the letters in the Large Letter Formation Grid while the other students sky write.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 4, Day 2, page 223, Echo/Letter Formation, students practice writing learned letters on Dry Erase Writing Tablets. They repeat sound and letter name. After they form each letter, they repeat letter-keyword-sound.

Examples of materials include some practice of previously learned print concepts, letter identification, and letter formation include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 5, Day 2, page 107, Echo/Letter Formation, students write the letter on their dry erase writing as the teacher directs them with the letter formation verbalization. Sounds include new sounds, /ă/ and /g/, as well as previously taught sounds, /t/, /b/, /f/, /n/, /m/, /ī/, /ŭ/, /c/, /ŏ/.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 2, Day 2, Drill Sounds/Warm-Up, the students echo back to the teacher the review consonants from the Large Sound Cards.

Criterion 1c - 1e

Materials emphasize explicit, systematic instruction of researched-based and/or evidence-based phonological awareness.
6/12
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-
Criterion Rating Details

The instructional materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials provide explicit instruction in phonological awareness through systematic modeling and student practice opportunities. Materials provide limited phonemic and phonological awareness modeling, practice, and review for students to learn to distinguish and manipulate sounds orally (i.e., recognizing/producing rhyming words, counting/producing/blending/segmenting syllables, blending/segmenting of onsets and rimes) before connecting the sounds and patterns to printed materials as a part of phonics instruction.

Indicator 1c

Materials have frequent opportunities for students to engage in phonological awareness activities during Kindergarten and early Grade 1.
2/4
+
-
Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials have frequent opportunities for students to engage in phonological awareness activities through Kindergarten and early 1st grade.

The Level K Fundations materials provide limited regular practice of phonemic awareness skills for phonological awareness during the daily lessons. There is no recommended time allocated for phonemic and phonological awareness in the daily lesson plans. There is a limited emphasis for students to recognize and produce rhyming words; count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words; blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words. Oral language activities are infrequent with little variety. Oral language exercises are accompanied by grapheme or word visualizations. In the Fundations Home Support Pack K Second Edition, there are a variety of oral language activities provided for parents/guardians to do at home; however, those phonological awareness activities are not emphasized in the 30 minutes of instruction at school.

Examples of oral activities that are admixed with elements of phonics or are missed across the continuum of phonological awareness include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, daily plans for Unit 1, Week 1, pages 64-73, there is only one phonological awareness activity on Day 3, Make It Fun page 68.  It challenges students to identify words that start with the currently taught sounds of /b/, /f/, /t/.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, daily lesson plans for Unit 1, Week 2, pages 76-83, there are no activities where phonological awareness is addressed.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Units 1-5, Drill Sounds/Warm-Up, students practice letter phoneme sounds in a call and response fashion led by the teacher. The teacher shows Large Sound Card and models the letter-keyword-sound combination for the letter. The students echo the letter-keyword-sound back to the teacher. Letters are added through the year after they are explicitly taught.
  • In the Fundations Home Support Pack K Second Edition, there are a variety of oral language activities. In Unit 3, Weeks 1-6, there are six words provided for each week to allow students at-home practice with blending. An example and explicit instructions are provided.

Indicator 1d

Materials provide explicit instruction in phonological awareness through systematic modeling across the K-1 grade band.
2/4
+
-
Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials provide explicit instruction in phonological awareness through systematic modeling across the K-1 grade band.

Phonological awareness concepts with systematic modeling include isolating and pronouncing the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds in three phoneme words. There is insufficient emphasis, through systematic modeling, in the following areas of phonological awareness: recognize and produce rhyming words; count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words. Explicit instruction is provided by the teacher for segmenting and blending phonemes into words by utilizing finger tapping starting in Unit 3, Week 1, during Echo Words, but the teacher immediately utilizes Standard Sound Cards. A Drill Sounds/Warm-Up Activity is included in each lesson, which includes systematic modeling and practice of all previously introduced sounds. This is an activity involving the teacher or a selected student pointing to the letter and making the phoneme for students to echo. This daily review includes elements of phonics. Instruction for students to segment a spoken word into phonemes in isolation occurs. Manipulation of the beginning sounds of words is addressed, although not explicitly, through the use of creating words with Standard Sound Cards, changing the beginning consonant card, and producing a new word. 

Materials provide the teacher with limited systematic, explicit instruction in syllables, sounds (phonemes), and spoken words. Examples include:

  • Recognize and produce rhyming words.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 5, Make It Fun, page 108, Rhyme Time, the teacher tells students the activity will help them rhyme words. The teacher says three words that rhyme, and students name another word. Six rhymes are included.  
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 6, Storytime, page 122, the teacher is to find and read aloud a rhyming picture book to students. 
  • Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 4, Word Play, page 100, syllable count activity, the teacher says a word, and students echo the word. Students put their hands on their chin to “feel” the syllables. Students then clap the syllables. The teacher asks how many syllables are in the word. The teacher writes the word on the syllable frames, one syllable per frame. The teacher reads the word, pointing to each syllable. The teacher counts the frames and tells the students whether they were correct.
  • Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 9, Day 3, Make It Fun, the teacher asks students to listen to the end of the word. The teacher is to emphasize the last sound in the word map. 
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 1, Day 2, Word Play, Listen for Sounds, the teacher states mad. The teacher segments the sounds, /m/ /a/ /d/.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 2, Dictation (Dry Erase), the teacher taps unit words with students before students write the words.
  • Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, CVC) words.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 1, Day 4, Make It Fun, page 196, the teacher says, “I am going to say three sounds. Listen and see if you can guess the word.” The teacher taps words such as sit, fog, sip, nut.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 3, Day 4, Make It Fun, page 196, the teacher says, “I am going to say three sounds. Listen and see if you can guess the word.” The teacher taps words such as tub, cap, mix.
  • Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words to make new words. Most activities include Sound Cards, so the task is not isolated to phonemic awareness.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 2, Make It Fun, page 108, Let's Rhyme, the teacher tells students the activity will help students begin to manipulate sounds with rhyming patterns. The activity requires the use of Standard Sounds Cards, so the activity is not phonemic awareness solely. The teacher builds cat. The teacher removes the c and replaces it with b
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 3, Word Play, page 210, the teacher builds mat and changes initial consonants, vowels, and final consonants to form new words: mat, cat, bat, bag, bug, mug.

Materials provide the teacher with some examples for instruction in syllables, sounds (phonemes), and spoken words called for in grade-level standards.

  • In the Professional Learning Community (PLC), Level K Sound Demonstrations, the teacher is provided with sound demonstrations for the consonants, short vowel sounds, and the digraphs (wh, ch, sh, th, ck). 
  • In the PLC, Level K Activity Demonstration Videos, Level K Dictation Dry Erase (Sounds), the teacher is provided with a video demonstration for stating a phoneme and having students echo the phoneme. 
  • In the PLC, Level K Activity Demonstrations Videos, Level K Dry Erase (Words), the teacher is provided with a video demonstration for stating a word and segmenting the word with tapping the word.

Indicator 1e

Materials provide practice of each newly taught sound (phoneme) and sound pattern across the K-1 band.
2/4
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-
Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials provide practice of each newly taught sound (phoneme) and sound pattern across the K-1 band. 

Phonological awareness concepts with student practice include isolating and pronouncing the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds in three phoneme words. There are missing opportunities for repeated student practice in the following areas of phonological awareness: recognize and produce rhyming words; count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words. Practice for blending phonemes into words is provided starting in Unit 3, Week 1 during Echo Words. A Drill Sounds/Warm-Up Activity is included in each lesson, which includes systematic practice of previously introduced sounds. This is an activity which involves pointing to the letter and making the phoneme for students to echo. This daily review includes elements of phonics. Manipulation of the beginning sounds of words is addressed, although not explicitly, through the use of creating words with Standard Sound Cards, changing the beginning consonant card, and producing a new word. The instruction includes a multi-sensory method of blending words. This is finger-tapping. 

Materials provide limited opportunities for students to practice each new sound and sound pattern called for in grade-level standards.

  • Recognize and produce rhyming words.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 5, Make It Fun, page 108, Rhyme Time, the teacher tells students the activity will help them rhyme words. The teacher says three words that rhyme, and students name another word. Six rhymes are included.  
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 6, Storytime, page 122, the teacher finds and reads aloud a rhyming picture book to students. During the third reading of the book, students are supposed to say the rhyming words instead of the teacher.
  • Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 5, Day 4, Word Play, Syllable Play, the teacher states a word and students repeat. Students clap out the syllables. 
  • Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 1, Day 2, Word Play, Listen for Sounds, the teacher states mad. The teacher segments the sounds, /m/ /a/ /d/. Students state the following words, segment the sounds, and blend the words: made, hope, hop, pin, pine, coat, cot.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 2, Day 2, Word Play, Listen for Sounds, the teacher states mad. The teacher segments the sounds, /m/ /a/ /d/. Students state the following words, segment the sounds, and blend the word: bait, bat, mop, mope, sight, sit, cap, cape.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 3, Day 4, Make It Fun, page 263, the teacher dictates a word. Students echo and tap the word out. 
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 5, Make It Fun, page 283, the teacher whispers a word segmented to a student. The student repeats the segments. 
  • Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, CVC) words.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 1, Day 4, Make It Fun, page 196, the teacher says, “I am going to say three sounds. Listen and see if you can guess the word.” The teacher taps words such as sit, fog, sip, nut. Sometimes the students participate with the teacher (“Do some all together and then call on individual students.”).
    • Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 6, Word Play, Listen for Sounds, the teacher states mad. The teacher segments the sounds, /m/ /a/ /d/ and for made. Students say sounds for the words as well as for kit, kite, rate, rat, lead, led.
  • Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words to make new words.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 2, Make It Fun, page 108, Let's Rhyme, the teacher tells students the activity will help students begin to manipulate sounds with rhyming patterns. The activity requires the use of Standard Sounds Cards, so the the activity is not phonemic awareness solely. The teacher builds cat. The teacher removes the c and replaces it with b. Students watch the teacher.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 3, Word Play, page 210, the teacher builds mat and changes initial consonants, vowels, and final consonants to form new words: mat, cat, bat, bag, bug, mug. The teacher builds and changes the words. Students watch the teacher.

Materials include a variety of multimodal/multi-sensory activities for student practice of phonological awareness. 

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Skills Taught in Fundations, Phonics, page 4, it states, “Students learn how to blend words with the finger-tapping procedure used so successfully in the Wilson Reading System. For example, to blend the sounds /m/ /a/ /t/ into a word, students are taught how to say each sounds as they tap a finger to their thumb.”
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Learning Activity Overview, Echo/Find Words, the teacher states a word and says, “Elbows up. Let’s tap ___. Students tap the sounds of the word with the teacher.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 3, Day 3, Dictation (Dry Erase), the teacher dictates a word. Students tap and spell the word before writing.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 1, page 239, it directs teachers with advanced kindergarten students to use the PLC activity found in the Resources, called Vowel Pop-Up to provide additional work on recognizing the long vowel sounds.This multi-sensory activity involves hearing, saying, doing (pop-up).

Criterion 1f - 1j

Materials emphasize explicit, systematic instruction of researched-based and/or evidence-based phonics.
16/20
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-
Criterion Rating Details

The instructional materials reviewed for Kindergarten include frequent opportunities for students to engage with common and newly-taught sound and spelling patterns, including opportunities to decode and encode words through building, manipulation and spelling and to review previously taught phonics skills. Application opportunities for decoding phonetically-regular words are not evenly distributed across the program. The materials also lack systematic and repeated modeling that may be necessary for some students to achieve mastery of long vowel sounds.

Indicator 1f

Materials emphasize explicit phonics instruction through systematic and repeated modeling.
2/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for the expectation that materials emphasize phonics instruction through systematic and repeated modeling.

The Fundations Level K materials provide ample opportunities for teacher modeling and student practice of most phonics skills. The opportunities for students to individually read each letter (grapheme) or spelling pattern and its associated sound (phoneme) individually are limited. Letter/sound association is taught explicitly over the course of 12 weeks in Unit 1 with opportunities for students to hear, say, write, and read. The spelling of short vowel phonemes is explicitly taught in Unit 1 and reviewed throughout the materials. The association of spelling of the long vowels is briefly discussed, but not explicitly taught. Listening for Sounds activities provide opportunities for students to distinguish similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds. 

Materials contain explicit instructions for systematic and repeated teacher modeling of all grade-level phonics standards: For example:

  • Demonstrate basic knowledge of letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or most frequent sound for each consonant.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Weeks 1-12, the teacher teaches the graphemes and phonemes for: /t/, /b/, /f/, /n/, /m/, short /i/, /u/, /c/, short /o/, short /a/, /g/, /d/, /s/, short /e/, /r/, /p/, /j/, /l/, /h/, /k/, /v/, /w/, /y/, /ks, /z/, /kw/.
      • In the daily Drill Sounds/Warm-Up, students learn the 26 graphemes and phonemes when the teacher states and shows the associations with Large Sound Cards, Standard Sound Cards, and Vowel Extension. Students echo the teacher.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 1, Day 1, pages 302-303, Introduce New Concepts, students are introduced to the digraphs wh, ch, sh, th, and ck. The teacher models using Large Sound Cards, students repeat the letters, keyword, and sound. This is then repeated with the Standard Sound Cards. Students are taught that digraphs get one tap when blending sounds in CVC words. Students practice underlining the digraphs in words. In Student Notebooks, they trace and say digraph graphemes/sounds and color the keyword pictures.
  • Associate the long and short sounds with common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Weeks 1-12, the teacher teaches the short vowels during daily Drill Sounds/Warm-Up. 
  • Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 4, Echo/Find Letters & Words, page 267, the teacher builds wax with Standard Sound Cards. The teacher points to x and asks “What does this letter say?” The teacher explains that it might be tricky to spell because x sounds like a k and a s, but it is spelled with x.
    • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 5, Introduce New Concepts, page 277, the teacher asks, “What says /k/?” The teacher tells students they will learn about when to use k and when to use c at the beginning of a word because both say /k/. The teacher explains a, o, or u follows c. The teacher builds cat, cot, and cut to demonstrate. The teacher explains e or i follows k. The teacher builds kit and kid.

Lessons provide teachers with systematic and repeated instruction for students to hear, say, encode, and read each newly taught grade-level phonics pattern. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 5, Day 2, Echo/Letter Formation, page 107, the teacher dictates new sounds and a selection of previously taught sounds. The teacher says the sound, and students echo the sound and say the letter. Students make the letter on the Large Letter Formation Grid while the teacher directs with the letter formation verbalization. All students write the letter on their Dry Erase Writing Tablets as the teacher directs them using the letter formation verbalization.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 9, Day 4, page 150, Drill Sounds/Warm-Up, the teacher reviews new sounds and 4-5 previously learned consonant sounds. The teacher models letter-keyword-sound with Large Sound Cards, and students echo. Students repeat letter-keyword-sound with Standard Sound Cards. A student traces a line to extend the vowel sound to the keyword picture during the Vowel Extension activity.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 2, Day 5, Word Play, page 254, the teacher uses Standard Sound Cards to display unit words. The teacher makes each word, says, and taps each sound. Students tap with the teacher. The teacher then blends the sounds as he/she drags a thumb across their fingers. The teacher then points under each card, says each sound, and drags finger under all three cards while blending the sounds to read the word. The students echo the teacher as the teacher points to each Standard Sound Card.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 2, Day 2, Teach Trick Words, page 315, the teacher writes a sentence on the frames. The teacher scoops the sentence into phrases, reads it, and has students echo the sentence. 

Indicator 1g

Materials include frequent practice opportunities for students to decode words that consist of common and newly-taught sound and spelling patterns and provide opportunities for students to review previously taught phonics skills.
4/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten meet the criteria for materials include frequent practice opportunities for students to decode words that consist of common and newly-taught sound and spelling patterns and provide opportunities for students to review previously taught phonics skills.

The Fundations Level K materials provide opportunities to decode grade-level phonics. Decoding begins in Week 13. Once decoding is introduced, students are provided frequent practice opportunities. Students tap and blend sounds to read a word. Instruction is limited to teacher-centered activities with students echoing or repeating. The Level K Fundations materials include daily Drill Sounds/Warm-Up Learning Activity for students to review sounds selected by the teacher, allowing students to have daily opportunities to review letters and sounds. Previously taught grade-level phonics skills are reviewed through Letter-Keyword-Sound, Drill Sounds/Warm-up, Sky Write/Letter Formation, Echo/Letter formation, Student Notebook, and Echo/Find letters. 

Lessons provide students with frequent opportunities to decode (phonemes, onset and rime, and/or syllables) phonetically spelled words. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 1, Day 1, Introduce New Concepts, page 190, students are taught how to blend words with three sounds by tapping out the word using the sounds. Students are instructed to say each sound separately, and then blend the sounds together.
  • In the Level K Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 3, Day 4, Dictation (Dry Erase), page 263, students tap and orally spell dictated words before writing. Next, students spell the word chorally. One student then writes the word on the Large Letter Formation Grid, and all students write dictated words on their Dry Erase Writing Tablets.
  • In the Level K Fundations, Home Support Pack, Unit 3, Weeks 1-6, page 85, the letter to parents explains that the child should find the letters to make the given word. Parents later write the word on the line, and students find the letters to spell the word and place in the given boxes. Students then tap the sounds and read the word.  

Lessons provide students with some opportunities to read complete words by saying the entire word as a unit using newly taught phonics skills. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 1, Day 5, Word Play, the teacher uses Standard Sound Cards to display unit words. The teacher makes each word and states and taps each sound. Students tap with the teacher. The teacher blends the word and drags the thumb across the fingers to show blending. The teacher says the entire word. Students practice saying each sound with the teacher and blending the sounds together.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 3, Day 1, Word Play, page 256, the teacher uses Standard Sound Cards to display 5-6 Unit Words. The teacher makes each word and states and taps each sound. Students tap with the teacher. The teacher blends the word and drags the thumb across the fingers to show blending. The teacher says the entire word. Students practice saying each sound with the teacher and blending the sounds together.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 4, Day 4, Word Play, page 338, the teacher uses Standard Sound Cards to display 5-6 Unit Words. The teacher makes each word and states and taps each sound. Students tap with the teacher. The teacher blends the word and drags the thumb across the fingers to show blending. The teacher says the entire word. Students practice saying each sound with the teacher and blending the sounds together. The teacher makes 3-5 nonsense words, and students tap and read them.

Materials contain some opportunities for students to review previously learned grade-level phonics. For example:

  • In the Level K Teacher's Manual, Learning Activity Overview, Drill Sounds/Warm Up, page 30-31, it explains that every lesson starts with a quick warm-up sound drill. This activity helps students master the Alphabetic Principle of letter-sound associations.
  • In the Level K Teacher's Manual, starting in Unit 1, Week 1, Day 2, the students practice phonics during daily Drill Sounds/Warm-Up. The teacher uses Large Sound Cards and Standard Sound Cards to review letter-keyword-sound, and students echo.

Materials contain a variety of methods to promote students’ practice of previously taught grade-level phonics. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 9, Day 3, Drill Sounds/Warm-Up, page 148, the teacher selects new sounds and vowel sounds everyday as well as 4-5 other consonants using the following materials: Large Sound Cards, Standard Sound Cards, and Vowel Extension.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 6, Day 4, Make It Fun, page 293, students are each provided one Standard Sound Card. The teacher dictates a word such as map. Students echo and tap the word. Students then, holding the needed Standard Sound Card, make the word in front of the class. Students spell the word. This is repeated with several words.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 5, Day 2, Word Play, page 390, students are informed they can blend sounds together to make silly or nonsense words. The teacher then makes 3-5 nonsense words from the Resource List and the students tap and read.

Indicator 1h

Materials provide frequent opportunities for students to practice decoding phonetically regular words in a sentence.
2/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials promote frequent opportunities for students to practice decoding phonetically regular words in a sentence.

The Level K Fundations materials provide some opportunities for students to decode phonetically regular words in a sentence based on grade-level phonics. Students read some sentences, usually repeating what the teacher says first, often when practicing trick words or dictation sentences where students both decode and encode. Sentence reading begins in Unit 3 during Trick Word activities and students echo, not read, the sentences; there is no decoding. In Unit 4, there are four Word Play activities and one Storytime activity that include decoding words in sentences but there is no individual practice. Unit 5 includes multiple activities for sentence reading. Opportunities are missed for students to individually practice decoding words in a sentence. In the Learning Activities, the teacher typically states the sentence and students repeat the sentence.

Materials provide explicit, systematic practice for decoding phonetically regular words in a sentence. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 3, Day 3, Word Play, page 326, the teacher is directed to write two sentences on Sentence Frames and scoop into phrases. A student is chosen to circle the trick words and tap out other words. The sentence is read together as the teacher models fluency by scooping into phrases. A student is then selected to read the sentence, and the class repeats. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 1, Day 1, Introduce New Concepts, page 349, the teacher writes the sentence Meg is sad. on the board. The teacher helps the students to tap out Meg and sad. The word “is" is not tapped out since it is a trick word. Using the Baby Echo pointer, the teacher points to the words and reads the sentence. This is repeated for three more sentences.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 6, Day 2, Teach Trick Words, page 201, the teacher states the sentence, Here is one pencil. Students repeat the sentence. A student places the Sentence Frames. The teacher writes the sentence on the frames and reads the sentence. Students repeat the sentence.

Examples of limited student practice of decoding phonetically regular words in a sentence include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 6, Day 5, Teach Trick Words, page 295, the teacher states a sentence, The kids went to the playground. Students repeat the sentence. A student places the Sentence Frames. The teacher writes the sentence on the frames and reads the sentence. Students repeat the sentence.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 2, Day 3, Word Play, page 362, the teacher uses Standard Sound Cards to make three to five unit words. After the teacher blends and reads words with the students, the teacher is directed to write a sentence on the board and scoop it into phrases. Students are to try to read each word to themselves and then the teacher calls on a student. After each word is decoded, the sentence is chorally read. The teacher is instructed to do two to three sentences.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 3, Day 4, Trick Word Practice, page 374, the teacher states a sentence: The book is from Meg. Students echo the sentence. The teacher writes the sentence on Sentence Frames. The teacher reads the sentence. and students echo the sentence.

Indicator 1i

Materials include frequent practice opportunities for students to build/manipulate/spell and encode grade-level phonics, including common and newly-taught sound and sound patterns.
4/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten meet the criteria for materials include frequent practice opportunities for students to build/manipulate/spell and encode grade-level phonics, including common and newly-taught sounds and sound patterns.

The Level K Fundations materials include opportunities for students to encode in activities and tasks. Building/manipulating/spelling and encoding is often modeled by the teacher during Introduce New Concepts and Word Play. Students practice encoding using a dry erase tablet or using their letter tiles during Dictation and Echo/Find Letters & Words. Encoding activities include writing on the Dry Erase Writing Tablet, the Large Letter Formation Grid, the Student Notebook, and the Fundations Letter Board and Magnetic Letter Tiles. 

The materials contain teacher-level instruction and modeling for building/manipulating/spelling and encoding words using common and newly-taught sounds and spelling patterns grade- level phonics. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 1, Day 1, Introduce New Concepts, the teacher shows students how to blend words through tapping based on the Standard Sound Cards displayed. The teacher builds mat, map, mad, sad, sat, sap with Standard Sound Cards and shows students how to blend the sounds based on the built words.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 1, Day 1, Introduce New Concepts, the teacher builds 8-10 words with the Standard Sound Cards. The teacher models tapping the sounds corresponding to the Standard Sound Cards. The teacher models changing one letter and sound with the Standard Sound Cards. The teacher models changing map to mat to cat to bat to bag to bug to mug.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 1, Day 1, Introduce New Concepts, the teacher uses the Standard Sound Cards to make a word with a digraph, mash. The teacher models how to read the letter sounds in the word. The teacher models building and reading other words with digraphs such as ship, chop, duck.

Lessons provide students with daily opportunities to build/manipulate/spell and encode words using common and newly-taught sound and spelling patterns grade-level phonics. Examples include: 

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 2, Day 2, Echo/Find Letters and Words, page 249, the teacher dictates a word. Students repeat the word and tap it out. Students make the word with their letter tiles. A student volunteer models using the teacher’s Standard Sound Cards. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 4, Day 3, Dictation (Dry Erase), page 337, the teacher dictates unit words for students to write on their Dry Erase Writing Tablets. The teacher says the word, students tap and spell chorally before writing on their Dry Erase Writing Tablets. One student models using the Large Letter Formation Grid.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 6, Day 2, Echo/Find Letters & Words, the teacher dictates 3-5 unit words (CVC words and words with digraphs). Students find the Letter Tiles to make the words on their Letter Tile Boards. One student makes the word(s) using the Standard Sound Cards. Students orally spell the word and replace the tiles.

Indicator 1j

Materials provide application and encoding of phonics in activities and tasks. (mid K-Grade 2)
4/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten meet the criteria for materials promote application and encoding of phonics in activities and tasks.

The Level K Fundations materials include opportunities for students to encode in activities and tasks. Encoding of phonics in writing tasks or sentences is modeled by the teacher during Teach Trick Words (starting in Unit 3) and Word Play. The focus of Word Play sentences in the beginning of the year is to understand that sentences have separate words and words have separate syllables rather than to model or practice encoding of phonics. Starting in the last Unit (Unit 5, Week 4), students practice encoding in writing tasks and sentences using a Dry Erase Writing Tablet. 

Materials include explicit, systematic teacher-level instruction of teacher modeling that demonstrates the use of phonics to encode sounds to letters and words in writing tasks. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 4, Day 1, Introduce New Concepts, the teacher states a sentence. The students repeat the sentence. The teacher models writing the sentence on Sentence Frames. 

Lessons provide students with activities and tasks to promote application of phonics as they encode words in sentences or in phrases based on common and newly taught grade level phonics patterns. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 4, Day 3, Dictation (Dry Erase), page 393, the teacher dictates one sentence from the Unit Resources. The teacher uses the Sentence Frames and dictates the sentence. Students echo and one student places the Sentence Frames and circles the frame with the Trick Word. All students write the sentence on their Dry Erase Writing Tablets. One student writes the sentence on the Sentence Frames.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 5, Day 3, Dictation (Dry Erase), page 393, the teacher dictates one sentence from the Unit Resources. The teacher uses the Sentence Frames and dictates the sentence. Students echo and one student places the Sentence Frames and circles the frame with the Trick Word. All students write the sentence on their Dry Erase Writing Tablets. One student writes the sentence on the Sentence Frames.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 6, Day 4, Dictation (Dry Erase), page 405, the teacher dictates one sentence from the Unit Resources. The teacher uses the Sentence Frames and dictates the sentence. Students echo and one student places Sentence Frames and circles the frame with the Trick Word. All students write the sentence on their Dry Erase Writing Tablets. One student writes the sentence on the Sentence Frames.

Criterion 1k - 1m

Materials and instruction support students in learning and practicing regularly and irregularly spelled high-frequency words.
4/8
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Criterion Rating Details

The instructional materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials include systematic instruction of high-frequency words and practice opportunities of high-frequency words to develop automaticity. While the instructional materials reviewed for Kindergarten do provide systematic instruction of high-frequency words and opportunities to practice reading of high-frequency words to develop automaticity, the number of words included may not be sufficient for students to be prepared for the next grade level. Additionally, there are not consistent opportunities for all students to read and write high-frequency words in tasks. Materials provide explicit instruction and frequent practice of word analysis and word-solving strategies, however opportunities are missed for students to learn how to analyze vowel sounds.

Indicator 1k

Materials include systematic instruction of high-frequency words and opportunities to practice reading of high-frequency words to develop automaticity.
1/2
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials include systematic instruction of high-frequency words and practice opportunities of high-frequency words to develop automaticity.

In the Level K Fundations, high-frequency words are called Trick Words. The Kindergarten materials address 27 high-frequency words throughout the year. Words are selected from the Fry and American Heritage Word Frequency Lists. The 27 Trick Words covered along with emerging phonetic knowledge will address 75% of the first 50 words on the Fry and American Heritage Word Frequency Book lists. Students do not begin learning high-frequency words until Unit 3, which is 18 weeks into the school year. The materials do not address a sufficient quantity of high-frequency words to make adequate reading progress toward becoming an independent reader. The procedure for teaching Trick Words is provided in the Learning Activity overview. During the Learning Activity, the teacher reads and writes the Trick Word(s) on sentence frames in sentences. During practice opportunities, students identify and read the Trick Word Flashcards after the teacher always states the Trick Word before having students identify the word.

Examples of materials include systematic and explicit instruction of high-frequency words (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does) include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Learning Activity Overview, page 44, the procedure for teaching Trick Words is outlined. The teacher dictates the provided sentence and has students repeat the sentence. Students are asked to find and arrange the appropriate Sentence Frames. The teacher says the sentence again, writing each word on each Sentence Frame while saying it. The new Trick Word is circled. The teacher slowly reads the sentence, pointing to each word. Students are asked to say the new Trick Word. The corresponding Trick Word Flashcard is shown. The Trick Word Flashcards pack is then presented for students to read.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 2, Day 3, Teach Trick Words, page 250, the first Trick Words are introduced to students (the, a). The teacher says the given sentence, and students repeat. Students place the Sentence Frames, as needed. The teacher writes the sentence on the frames and discusses capitalization and punctuation. The teacher scoops the sentence into phrases, reads it, and students echo. The teacher circles the new Trick Word (the) and asks students to listen to the sentence read aloud and see if the students can tell the teacher the word they circled. The teacher changes the word the to a and explains that the and a are words the students are going to practice and that these words are called Trick Words because they can be tricky. Students are shown the Trick Word Flashcards the and a. The teacher says the words while showing the card, and students repeat. The teacher tells students that a is a letter, but can a be a Trick Word.

Examples of materials include opportunities for the teacher to model the spelling and reading of high-frequency words in isolation include:

  • In the Level K Fundations, Unit 3, Week 6, Day 3, Teach Trick Words, page 290, the teacher writes the Trick Word was on a Sentence Frame, which is part of a sentence. The teacher shows students the Trick Word Flashcard and reads the word to students.
  • In the Level K Fundations, Unit 4, Week 3, Day 2, Teach Trick Words, page 325, the teacher writes the Trick Words I and you on Sentence Frames, which are part of a sentence. The teacher shows students the Trick Word Flashcards and reads the words to students.
  • In the Level K Fundations, Unit 5, Week 5, Day 2, Teach Trick Words, page 391, the teacher writes the Trick Word do on a Sentence Frame, which is part of a sentence. The teacher shows students the Trick Word Flashcard and reads the word to students.

Examples of students practice identifying and reading high-frequency words in isolation:

  • In the Level K Fundations, Unit 3, Week 2, Day 5, Trick Word Practice, page 255, the teacher presents the Trick Word Flashcards. The teacher states the words, and students repeat.
  • In the Level K Fundations, Unit 4, Week 2, Day 4, Trick Word Practice, page 319, the teacher presents the Trick Word Flashcards. The teacher states the words, and students repeat.
  • In the Level K Fundations, Unit 5, Week 4, Day 2, Teach Trick Words, page 381 the teacher presents the Trick Word Flashcards. The teacher states the words, and students repeat.

Materials include a limited quantity of grade-appropriate high-frequency words for students to make reading progress. In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Fundations Scope and Sequence, page 20, specific Trick Words taught in each unit are listed:

  • Unit 3 (6 weeks): the, a, and, are, to, is his, as, has, was 
  • Unit 4 (4 weeks): we, she, he, be, my, I , you, they
  • Unit 5 (6 weeks): or, for, of, have, from, by, my, do, one

Indicator 1l

Materials provide frequent practice opportunities to read and write high-frequency words in context (sentences).
1/2
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials provide frequent practice opportunities to read and write high-frequency words in tasks (sentences).

The Level K Fundations materials include limited opportunities for students to read and write high-frequency words in tasks. During the Teach Trick Words and Trick Word Practice learning activities, the teacher reads the sentence to students, and students repeat (echo), therefore the teacher is reading the words in sentences to the students. Students do not have opportunities to read high-frequency words independently. Starting in Unit 5, students write dictated sentences that contain Trick Words. Also starting in Unit 5, students are encouraged to use their Student Notebooks to check the spelling of Trick Words.

Lessons provide students with some opportunities to read grade- level high-frequency words in a sentence. Sentences are read to students before students echo the teacher.

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 6, Day 5, Trick Word Practice, page 295, the teacher states each sentence (3 sentences), and students repeat. The teacher writes the sentence on the Sentence Frames, scoops into phrases, and reads aloud for students to echo. The teacher says the Trick Word and a student finds and circles the given Trick Word. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 1, Day 4, Trick Word Practice, page 309, the teacher says each sentence (3 sentences) and students repeat. The teacher then writes the sentence on the Sentence Frames, scoops into phrases, and reads aloud for students to echo. The teacher says the trick word and a student finds and circles the given trick word. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 2, Day 3, Word Play, Read Sentences, page 316, the teacher writes two sentences on the Sentence Frames and scoops into phrases. A student circles trick words and taps out other words. Students and the teacher read the sentences together, modeling fluency. The teacher selects a student to read the sentence, and students repeat. 

Lessons provide students with limited opportunities to write grade-level high-frequency words in tasks (such as sentences) in order to promote automaticity in writing grade-appropriate high-frequency words. Opportunities to write Trick Words in sentences appears in the last three weeks of the materials.

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 4, Day 3, Dictation (Dry Erase), page 383, the teacher dictates a sentence. Students echo the sentence. One student places Sentence Frames on the board. The student circles the Trick Word. Students write the sentence on their Dry Erase Writing Tablets. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 5, Day 1, Dictation (Dry Erase), page 389, the teacher dictates a sentence. Students echo the sentence. One student places Sentence Frames on the board. The student circles the Trick Word. Students write the sentence on their Dry Erase Writing Tablets. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 6, Day 3, Dictation (Dry Erase, page 403, the teacher dictates a sentence. Students echo the sentence. One student places Sentence Frames on the board. The student circles the Trick Word. Students write the sentence on their Dry Erase Writing Tablets. 

Materials provide limited explicit instruction in how to use student-friendly reference materials and resources and reading high-frequency words (e.g., word cards, word lists, word ladders, student dictionaries).

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 1, Day 2, Introduce New Concepts, page 351, the student begin sentence dictation. The teacher says a sentence, and students repeat. Sentence Frames are placed and the sentence is written on the frames, scooped, and read by the teacher. The teacher dictates changes, and a student makes the change to the Sentence Frame. If a Trick Word is changed, students are referred to their Student Notebooks to check the spelling. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 2, Day 1, Word Play, p.age 358, the teacher dictates a sentence. The teacher writes the sentence on Sentence Frames. The teacher dictates changes, and a student makes the change to the Sentence Frame. If a Trick Word is changed, students are referred to their Student Notebooks to check the spelling. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 4, Day 2, Word Play, page 381, the teacher dictates a sentence. A student writes each word on the Sentence Frames while the other students write the sentence on Dry Erase Tablets. The teacher reminds students to use their Student Notebooks to check the spelling of Trick Words.

Indicator 1m

Materials explicitly teach word analysis strategies (e.g., phoneme/grapheme recognition, syllabication, morpheme analysis) based on the requirements of the standards and provide students with frequent practice opportunities to apply word analysis strategies.
2/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials explicitly teach word analysis strategies (e.g., phoneme/grapheme recognition, syllabication, morpheme analysis) based on the requirements of the standards and provide frequent practice opportunities for students to apply word analysis strategies.

The Level K Fundations materials provide opportunities for explicit word analysis strategies instruction directed by the teacher to the whole class. With teacher modeling and direction, students engage in opportunities to tap and blend words and manipulate letter tiles to form words. Students are taught to tap out sounds to decode unfamiliar words. Instruction on consonant letter/sounds and short vowel letter/sounds are evident with materials that provide cards in one color for consonant letters and one color for vowels. Students are provided opportunities to analyze long and short vowel phonemes, but not to analyze how the vowel sound also represents the vowel phonemes and grapheme. Students distinguish between the long and short vowel sounds in words when the teacher says two words; however, opportunities are missed to explain why the vowel makes a different sound. While students learn word analysis strategies, there are missed opportunities for students to independently practice and apply word analysis strategies over the course of the year.

Examples of materials contain frequent explicit instruction of word analysis strategies (e.g., phoneme/grapheme recognition, syllabication, morpheme analysis) include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Fundations Scope and Sequence, page 20, the unit breakdown outline indicates that letter-keyword-sound for consonants and short vowels are taught in Unit 1. 
  • In the Level K Teacher's Manual, Learning Activity Overview, Dictation/Words (Single Syllable Words) page 27, the tapping of sounds is explained. Teacher says, “mat”. Teacher says, “Elbows up. Let’s tap it /m/- /a/- /t/. Teacher says, “Who can spell mat?” Teacher says, “Write mat.” Teacher says, “Now let’s all spell mat m-a-t.” Teacher checks students’ work and says, “Read the words that you wrote today.”
  • In the Fundations Level K Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 1, Day 2, Listen for Sounds, page 239, students distinguish between the long a and short a sounds. Students identify the sounds in mad and made and tap out sounds. The teacher explains that vowel sounds are long and short and that when the vowel is short it is coded with a breve. The teacher demonstrates how to mark mad and uses a breve above the short a sound.
  • In the Fundations Level K Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 3, Day 1, Introduce New Concepts, page 322, students learn the three ways to make the /k/ sound and that ck is used only at the end of words right after the short vowel sound. Later in the lesson, students learn that even though c and k both say /k/, right after a short vowel they should always use ck.

Examples of materials contain frequent explicit instruction of word-solving strategies to decode unfamiliar words include:

  • In the Fundations Level K Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Week 4, Day 5, Word Play activity, page 228, the teacher uses Standard Sound Cards to make a word, say and tap each sound with the students tapping also, and then blends sounds to read the words.
  • In the Fundations Level K Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 1, Day 1, Introduce New Concepts, Teach Digraphs, page 298, the teacher explains that wh, ch, sh, th, and ck are consonants that stick together to form one sound even though there are two letters. Large Sound Cards are used to teach the sound. The teacher tells students these digraphs get one tap when tapping out the word. Students underline digraphs in words.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 6, Day 3, Word Play, page 402, the teacher uses Standard Sound Cards to make three to five unit words located in the Unit Resources. After making each word, the teacher says and taps each sound with the students tapping also. The teacher blends sounds while dragging the thumb across the fingers. Next, the teacher points under the cards saying the sounds with the students to blend and read each word.

Examples of student opportunities to learn, practice and apply word analysis strategies include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 1, Day 1, Letter-Keyword Sound, page 64, the letter/keyword/sound b- bat - /b/ and f - fun - /f/ are introduced first with Large Sound Card, followed by students echoing, and then repeated with the Standard Sound Card. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 9, Day 4, Drill Sounds/Warm-Up page 150, students see a letter and make the sound. There is systematic modeling and practice of new sounds and 4-5 previously learned sounds. Sounds are practiced with Large Sound Cards where the teacher models letter-keyword-sound, and students echo. Students provide letter-keyword-sound with Standard Sound Cards. The Vowel Extension activity has a student trace a line as they extend the vowel sound to the keyword picture.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 1, Day 3, Make It Fun, Digraph Detectives, page 307, the teacher writes 10-15 words on the board, some with digraphs and some without digraphs. The teacher tells students they are digraph detectives, and they need to find all the digraphs and underline them. The teacher and students read the list of words together. Students are separated into groups of three and assigned a digraph. Students copy words with their digraph onto their Dry Erase Writing Tablets. A student from each group underlines the digraph in the word with their designated digraph.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 3, Dictation, page 327, teacher dictates unit sounds and words for students to tap, orally spell, chorally spell. One student models on the Large Letter Formation Grid, and all students write on their Dry Erase Writing Tablets.

Criterion 1n - 1q

Materials and instruction support students in learning and practicing regularly and irregularly spelled high-frequency words.
4/8
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Criterion Rating Details

The instructional materials reviewed for Kindergarten provide limited opportunities for students to practice decoding to develop accuracy and fluency and to read emergent-reader texts for purpose and understanding.

Indicator 1n

Materials provide opportunities for students to engage in decoding practice focused on accuracy and automaticity in K and Grade 1.
2/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials provide opportunities for students to engage in decoding practice focused on accuracy and automaticity in K and Grade 1.

The Level K Fundations materials include limited opportunities for students to engage in decoding practice focused on accuracy and automaticity. The teacher models fluent reading in the materials, and students echo what the teacher decodes or states. Level K is grounded in teacher-centered modeling activities where students repeat or mimic the teacher. Students are provided decoding opportunities through echoing the teacher. Students view Standard Sound Cards as they tap out words. Standard Sound Cards are utilized beginning in Unit 2 and the use of Standard Sound Cards continues throughout the year for the teacher to display unit words to tap and blend. The At Home Support Pack contains decoding activities to be completed by students at home. Additionally, teachers are directed to move outside of the core materials and use the Fluency Kit as an intervention for students in Tier 2 for decoding practice.

Examples of materials provide systematic and explicit instruction and practice in fluency by focusing on accuracy and automaticity in decoding.

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Skills Taught in Fundations, Fluency, pages 5-6, the text details how fluency is taught in this program. To develop fluency and speed of reading, students echo and chorally read text. When engaging in an echo read, the teacher reads a sentence and students repeat. When chorally reading, the teacher and students read together. Additionally, the teacher helps students with phrasing by scooping sentences.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 3, Day 5, Trick Word Practice, page 265, the teacher states each sentence, and students repeat. The teacher writes the sentence and scoops into phrases. The teacher reads the sentence, and students echo. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 2, Day 1, Word Play Activities: Make Words for Decoding, pages 358-359:  The teacher uses Standard Sound Cards to display 3-5 words from the Unit Resources. Teachers make each word then say and tap each sound, blend the sounds as they drag their thumb across their fingers. The teacher points under each card while saying each sound, dragging his/her finger under all three cards to blend the sounds to read the word with the students. 

Examples of materials provide some opportunities for students in Kindergarten and Grade 1 to engage in decoding practice focused on accuracy and automaticity. Decoding practice is usually modeled by the teacher and then students echo the teacher.

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 2, Day 1, Word Play Activities: Make Words for Decoding, pages 358-359:  Review Sentence Dictation: The teacher states a sentence and has students repeat. Students place the Sentence Frames as needed. The teacher writes the sentence on the frames and dictates changes in the sentence. The teacher taps out the changed word to check spelling. Then teacher continues dictating changes, reading the entire sentence and has a student make the necessary change.

Indicator 1q

Materials provide teacher guidance to support students as they confirm or self-correct errors (Grades 1-2) and emphasize reading for purpose and understanding.
2/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials provide teacher guidance to support students as they confirm or self-correct errors and emphasize reading for purpose and understanding.

The Level K Fundations materials provide opportunities for students to listen and read for purpose and understanding through Storytime activities, but the materials lack multiple opportunities for students to read emergent readers for purpose and understanding. For some Storytime activities, short passages are provided; however, teachers are often directed to self-select their own texts with some suggested titles provided on a list. In Unit 2, the teacher reads aloud ABC books with a purpose to point out letters in the books. The ABC books are not provided in the materials. In Unit 3, the teacher is to find short narrative stories to read aloud to students. In Unit 4, the teacher must find stories to read aloud that will help develop students’ retelling abilities. In Unit 5, the teacher must find two narrative and informational books which feature the same kind of animal.

There are not multiple opportunities provided over the course of the year for students to read emergent-reader texts (K) for purpose and understanding. 

Examples of materials contain explicit directions and/or think-alouds for the teacher to model how to engage with a text to emphasize reading for purpose and understanding include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Week 3, Day 5, Storytime, page 365, the teacher and students will say and act out a previously read passage, “Baby Echo Finds Echo at Last.” The students retell the story while the teacher illustrates the story with four simple pictures leaving space at the bottom of each page. As the teacher draws the pictures, the teacher models retelling the story. A student is selected to retell the story pointing to the pictures.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 1, Storytime, page 311, the teacher self-selects a picture book which tells a narrative story. Before reading the book, a discussion is held about possible happenings in the story with students making predictions. After reading to the students, the teacher uses an anchor chart to discuss characters, setting, and main events. Students use the chart as a guide to retell each category.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 4, Day 4, Make It Fun activity: Guess Where, page 385, students are shown the books previously read during Storytime in Units 4 and 5. The title, author, and illustrator for each book are read to the students. The teacher then asks the students to recall the main events in each story. Students are told they are going to play a guessing game. The teacher says, “I am going to describe a place and see if you can guess in which story that setting belongs.”

Gateway Two

Implementation, Support Materials & Assessment

Partially Meets Expectations

+
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Gateway Two Details

The instructional materials reviewed for Kindergarten provide a teacher edition with strong supports, clearly structured lessons, and appropriate pacing to achieve maximum student understanding within the space of a school year. The scope and sequence lists research-aligned phonological awareness and phonics skills but does not contain detailed information on phonemic awareness instruction. The materials also include strategies for informing all stakeholders, including students, parents, or caregivers about the Foundational Skills program and suggestions for how they can help support student progress and achievement. The program partially meets the criteria for the inclusion of decodable texts that include phonics and high-frequency words aligned to the program’s scope and sequence and opportunities for students to use decodables for multiple readings. The instructional materials regularly and systematically offer assessment for mastery of letter recognition and printing letters, but lacks regular assessment opportunities for print concepts, phonological awareness, phonics, word recognition, and word analysis. Teacher supports for reteaching are not consistently available throughout the program. No standards alignments are present for the assessments in the program, though instructional materials do include standards alignment. Supports are regularly provided for students performing below grade level, though supports for English language learners and students performing above grade level are limited. All digital materials are for teacher use only and can be used across multiple devices and platforms. The design of the materials is clear and easy to read and do not provide unnecessary visual distraction.


Criterion 2a - 2e

Materials are accompanied by a systematic, explicit, and research-based scope and sequence outlining the essential knowledge and skills that are taught in the program and the order in which they are presented. Scope and sequence should include phonological awareness, phonics and word recognition, fluency, and print concepts.
18/20
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Criterion Rating Details

The instructional materials reviewed for Kindergarten provide a teacher edition with ample and useful annotations and suggestions on how to present the content in the student materials, including information to support the teacher’s knowledge and understanding of foundational skills. Lessons are clearly structured and the pacing is appropriate to achieve maximum student understanding within the space of a school year. The scope and sequence for the program lists the phonological awareness and phonics skills included (including the research-based sequence in which they should be taught), but does not contain detailed information regarding phonemic awareness instruction. The materials also include strategies for informing all stakeholders, including students, parents, or caregivers about the Foundational Skills program and suggestions for how they can help support student progress and achievement.

Indicator 2a

Materials contain a teacher edition with ample and useful annotations and suggestions on how to present the content in the student materials. Where applicable, materials include teacher guidance for the use of embedded technology to support and enhance student learning.
4/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten meet the criteria for materials contain a teacher edition with ample and useful annotations and suggestions on how to present the content in the student materials. Where applicable, materials include teacher guidance for the use of embedded technology to support and enhance student learning.

The Level K Fundations materials have annotations and suggestions in the Fundations Teacher's Manual on how to present the content in the student materials. Routines are presented in detail at the beginning of the Teacher's Manual including what the teacher does and states. The program includes a comprehensive Learning Activities Overview that provides teachers with explicit directions for each learning activity and differentiation suggestions. Throughout the Teacher's Manual, a computer icon indicates where items can be found on the companion website, the PLC. There is an online resource called the Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC) that includes teacher guidance for use of embedded technology to support and enhance student learning. The PLC provides how-to videos for classroom routines and lesson plan templates.

Materials provide a well-defined, teacher resource (teacher edition, manual) for content presentation.

  • The Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual provides implementation information, principles of instruction, Learning Activity overviews, and unit lesson plans with unit resources.
  • The Fundations Companion Website (Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community) includes resources for instruction.

Examples of the teacher resource contains detailed information and instructional routines that help the teacher to effectively implement all foundational skills content (i.e. phonological awareness, print concepts, letters, phonics, high-frequency words (HFW), word analysis, decoding) includes:

  • In the Level K Teacher's Manual, page 8, there is a section titled Principles of Instruction. This section includes types of instruction used in the program such as explicit instruction and multi-sensory instruction.
  • In the Level K Teacher's Manual, Orientation, plans are included showing the teacher how to teach each routine including: how to echo, how to teach the Large Letter Formation Grid, how to follow verbalizations, how to review grid lines, how to use pencil grip and tracing, how to teach letter-keyword-sounds, how to Sky Write/Letter Formation, how to use the Student Notebook, how to use Drill Sounds/Warm-Up, and how to teach echo/letter formation.  
  • In the Level K Teacher's Manual, pages 21-48, an overview of learning activities which address phonological awareness (Word Play), print concepts (Storytime), letters (Echo/Find Letters, Sky Write/Letter Formation), phonics (dictation/sounds, dictation/words, dictation/sentences, Drill Sounds/Warm-Up), HFW (teach Trick Words), word analysis (dictation/words), and decoding (Word Play) is provided.
  • In the Level K Teacher's Manual, each Unit of Instruction is divided into varying number of weeks. Each week is broken down into days. Each Day has a guided plan. For example:  In Unit 2, Week 1, Day 1, pages 190-191, there is a Student Learning Plan with Teacher and Student Materials listed. The plan includes a Drill Sounds/Warm-Up, Introduce a New Concept of blending three sounds, and Sky Write/Letter Formation.
  • The Fundations Level 2 Activity Cue Cards Second Edition are supplied in the teacher kit. Each activity card provides an Activity synopsis, teacher materials, student materials, estimated time on activity, at a glance information, and learning plan notes. 

Technology pieces included provide support and guidance for the teacher and do not create an additional layer of complication around the materials.

  • The Prevention/Early Learning Community (PLC) provides documents to download, videos to watch, animations to understand word structure and analysis, and a discussion board.
  • In the PLC, Demonstrations, Level K, videos are included modeling how the activities should look and sound in the kindergarten classroom.

Indicator 2b

Materials contain full, adult-level explanations and examples of the foundational skills concepts included in the program so teachers can improve their own knowledge of the subject, as necessary.
4/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten meet the criteria for the expectation that materials contain full, adult-level explanations and examples of the foundational skills concepts included in the program so teachers can improve their own knowledge of the subject, as necessary.

The Fundations Level K program and materials include information, explanations, and examples for the teacher to improve their own knowledge of foundational skills.  Overview information is detailed in the Teacher's Manual and through the online companion, the Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC). Foundational skills are summarized and a description the reasons students need the various skills for learning to read are included.  

Examples of complete, detailed adult-level explanations are provided for each foundational skill taught at the grade level includes:

  • In the Level K Teacher's Manual, Skills Taught in Fundations, pages 2-8, an overview of the various skills covered in the program are listed with a detailed description of the term and its impact on learning to read is provided for teachers. Skills listed include, but are not limited to: 
    • Phonological awareness
      • It is the understanding that spoken language consists of parts:
        • A spoken sentence consists of separate words. (Word awareness)
        • A word consists of separate syllables. (Syllable awareness)
        • A syllable consists of separate sounds, or phonemes (Phoneme awareness)
    • Phonemic awareness and the Alphabetic Principle
      • English is an alphabetic language--that is--words are constructed in print with letters to represent sounds.
    • Phonics
      • Sound mastery is a key component of phonics.
    • High Frequency “Trick” Words
      • High frequency words are the words that appear most often in print.
    • Fluency
      • Automaticity is a term that refers to quick and automatic recognition of words in isolation.
    • Automaticity of handwriting
      • To write a letter, a child must identify the letter by name, memorize the formation of it, and quickly retrieve this form from memory.
  • In PLC, there are resources that provide detailed information about foundational skills and teaching strategies. For example, under the Collaboration tab, there are several resources to further explain foundational skills concepts and Common Core Language.
  • In PLC, Printable Resources, Getting Started, materials are included detailing information about the various foundational skills covered in the Fundations curriculum. 

Examples of detailed examples of the grade-level foundational skill concepts are provided for the teacher includes:

  • In the Level K Teacher's Manual, Skills Taught in Fundations, pages 2-8, an overview of the various skills covered in the program are listed with detailed examples.
    • Phonemic Awareness and the Alphabetic Principle
      • The word map, for example, has three sounds or phonemes: /m/ /a/ /p/.
      • Sound mastery
        • In segmenting the sounds in the word mat, the sound of the letter m /m/ should not be said /mu/ and the sound of the t /t/ should not be said /tu/. Thus segment the sounds /m/ /a/ /t/, not /mu/ /a/ /tu/.
    • Phonics
      • For example, to blend the sounds /m/ /a/ /t/ into a word, students are taught how to say each sound as they tap a finger to their thumb. 
  • In the PLC, Level K Implementation Guide, fluency is taught with phrasing. “Fundations uses a scooping technique to provide a graphical representation of phrasing for learning. The dog and cat sat on the deck.”
  • In the PLC, Level K Implementation Guide, it states, “Words with overlapping spelling patterns are introduced together (e.g., to, into).”
  • In the PLC, Level K Implementation Guide, it states, “Letters are grouped into ‘like patterns.’” These letters are skyline letters: t, b, f, l, h, k.

Indicator 2c

Foundational skills lessons are well-designed and take into account effective lesson structure and pacing. Content can reasonably be completed within a regular school year, and the pacing allows for maximum student understanding.
4/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten meet the criteria for foundational skills lessons are well-designed and take into account effective lesson structure and pacing. Content can reasonably be completed within a regular school year, and the pacing allows for maximum student understanding. 

The Level K Fundations materials are designed to be implemented to a whole group of students according to a clear structure. Whole group instruction is planned for 30-35 minute daily lessons in 160 days over 32 weeks. Weeks per unit vary according to content taught during the unit. As most schools are in session for more than 32 weeks, this instructional plan is reasonable and allows for appropriate pacing of teaching, reteaching, or review as needed for maximum student understanding. Lesson times are provided for the learning activities, which become routine. Units are designed to be covered within a given amount of time, and each lesson should take one day. The week-to-week instruction is consistent and the skills taught within each lesson build on each other. This format demonstrates a structure which controls the day-to-day pacing. Whole group lessons utilize Gradual Release of Responsibility is used within lessons and the Learning Activities. Small group instruction lesson planning for Tier 2 (intervention) is in the Professional Learning Community under Intervention Guidelines.

The pacing of each component of daily lesson plans is clear and appropriate. 

  • Each Learning Activity includes estimated activity times. For example:
    • Dictation/Words is 5-10 minutes.
    • Drill Sounds/Warm-Up is 2-5 minutes.
    • Teach Trick Words is 5 minutes per word.

Examples of lesson plans utilize effective, research-based lesson plan design for early literacy instruction include: 

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Student Success, page 10, the manual details how the Gradual Release of Responsibility Model is used in the learning activity sequence on a given day or within a week moving students from: 
    1. “I Do It” - Teacher Demonstration to
    2. “We Do It” - Guided instruction/practice to
    3. “You Do It Together” - Collaborative Learning to
    4. “You Do It Alone” -  Independent Success.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Scope and Sequence, pages 19-20, the manual details the five units with number of weeks needed and content covered during the unit.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Orientation Guide, pages 50-58, the manual takes the teacher through an entire week of lessons to deepen the understanding of the daily plan and activities. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 1, Day 5, pages 72-73, students echo and find letters t, b, and f.  
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 2, Day 1, pages 74-75, letters m and n are introduced. The next Echo activity on Day 2, pages 76-77, includes the previous letters (t, b, f) and the new letters: m, n.

The effective lesson design structure includes both whole group and small group instruction.  

  • According to the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Implementing Fundations, “Fundations provides all students with a foundation for reading and spelling. It is part of the CORE language arts instruction, delivered to all students in general education classrooms 30-35 minutes per day as a supplemental program. Fundations instruction emphasizes phonemic awareness, phonics-word study, high frequency word study, fluency, vocabulary, handwriting and spelling. 
  • In the PLC, General Guidelines, Fundations Level K Intervention, there is an explanation and details of small group Tier 2 instruction lesson planning. Level K intervention lessons occur five days per week with a minimum of 15 minutes of additional instructional support. The lesson plan guidelines for Unit 1 are as follows:
    • Day 1 Activities include Warm-Up, Skywrite Letter Formation, Trace/Copy/Write from Memory.
    • Day 2 Activities include Warm-Up, Echo/Find Letters (Matching), Echo/Letter Formation (Dry Erase).
    • Day 3 Activities include Warm-Up, Additional Activities from the PLC, Keyword Puzzle.
    • Day 4 Activities include Warm-Up, Skywrite Letter Formation, Trace/Copy/Write from Memory.
    • Day 5 Activities include Warm-Up, Additional Activities from the PLC, Make it Fun.

The suggested amount of time and expectations for maximum student understanding of all foundational skill content (i.e. phonological awareness, print concepts, letters, phonics, HFW, word analysis, decoding) can reasonably be completed in one school year and should not require modifications. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Teacher's Manual, Fundations Scope and Sequence, page 20, the teacher is given an overview of the amount of time needed to complete each unit: 
    • Unit 1 (12 weeks)
    • Unit 2 (4 weeks)
    • Unit 3 (6 weeks)
    • Unit 4 (4 weeks)
    • Unit 5 (6 weeks)  
    • 32 weeks to complete the program.
  • In Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC), a Tier 1 pacing guide is included listing dates and units to begin by a particular date/week. 
  • In PLC, lesson plan templates are included for any units that need to be retaught.  Teachers are directed to use the reteaching lesson plans if students score less than 80% on the unit assessment.  

Indicator 2d

Order of Skills
0/0

Indicator 2d.i

Scope and sequence clearly delineate the sequence in which phonological awareness skills are to be taught, with a clear, evidence-based explanation for the expected hierarchy of phonemic awareness competence. (K-1)
2/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria that the scope and sequence clearly delineate the sequence in which phonological awareness skills are to be taught, with a clear, evidence-based explanation for the expected hierarchy of phonemic awareness competence.

The Level K Fundations materials include a general scope and sequence. Phonological awareness skills are listed in the scope and sequence with few details. To determine the exact focus of the phonemic awareness part of the lesson, the teacher must look at specific lessons. The scope and sequence references the phonemic awareness hierarchy as outlined by Marilyn Adams. In the Kindergarten Implementation Guide on the Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community, the Fundations approach to phonemic awareness is based on the research that, “Using letters to teach phonemic awareness is found to be more effective than using sounds alone (NICHD, 2000.) Thus, phonemic awareness training in Fundations is closely linked with the direct teaching of the Alphabetic Principle (letter sound/ grapheme-phoneme correspondences).” Unit 2 contains instruction and practice activities for how to blend sounds into words as well as manipulating sounds in the initial, medial, and final positions, but the instruction is accompanied with Standard Sound Cards (graphemes). Instruction and/or practice for phoneme segmentation is not included. 

Materials contain an evidence-based explanation for the expected hierarchy for teaching phonological awareness skills. For example: 

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Fundations Scope and Sequence, page 20, the text details what topics are covered in each of the 5 units. Phonemic awareness is listed as:
    • Unit 1 (12 weeks): rhyming, initial, and final sounds
    • Unit 2 (4 weeks): blending, segmenting, and manipulation of sounds
    • Unit 3 (6 weeks): blending, segmenting, and manipulation of sounds
    • Unit 4 (4 weeks): phoneme segmentation

Materials contain a phonemic awareness sequence of instruction and limited practice based on the expected hierarchy. For example:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher’s Manual, Scope and Sequence, p. 19, the text details what students will be able to do by the end of Level K. Topics listed related to phonemic awareness include: 
    • Recognize and produce rhyming words 
    • Segment words into an oral sentence; Segment words into syllables
    • Segment and pronounce initial medial and final phonemes in spoken CVC words
    • Manipulate phonemes with additions or substitutions in one syllable words

Materials have a limited cohesive sequence of phonemic awareness instruction based on the expected hierarchy to build toward students' application of the skills. Examples include: 

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 1, Day 3, Make It Fun, page 68, the first phonemic awareness activity challenges students to identify words that start with the currently taught sounds of /b/, /f/, /t/.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 4, Word Play, page 100, students echo a word spoken by the teacher. Students put their hands under their chins to feel the syllable as they repeat the word. The students clap out the syllable as they repeat the word. Finally, the students are asked how many syllables are in the word and the teacher displays the word in syllable frames. Each syllable is written on a separate frame. The lesson starts as a phonemic awareness activity, but includes graphemes to become a phonics lesson.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, Week 5, Day 3, Make It Fun, page 108, the first rhyming activity does not provide explicit instruction. The directions are for the students to help the teacher rhyme words.

Indicator 2d.ii

Scope and sequence clearly delineate an intentional sequence in which phonics skills are to be taught, with a clear explanation for the order of the sequence.
4/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten meet the criteria for the expectation that scope and sequence clearly delineate an intentional sequence in which phonics skills are to be taught, with a clear explanation for the order of the sequence.

The Level K Fundations materials include a general scope and sequence. Phonics skills are listed on the scope and sequence. Routines (Learning Activities) are established for learning letter names and sounds using letter, keyword, and sound patterns. The materials focus on teaching sounds in two directions: letter to sound and sound to letter. The materials focus on blending CVC words with continuous consonant sounds using a finger-tapping procedure. Explanation of the material’s phonics layout is provided on the online companion, the Prevention/ Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC). 

Materials clearly delineate a scope and sequence with a cohesive, intentional sequence of phonics instruction and practice to build toward application of skills. For example:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Fundations Scope and Sequence, page 19, the text details what students will be able to do by the end of Level K. Topics listed related to phonics include: fluently produce sounds of consonants and short vowels when given the letter, fluently produce sounds for basic digraphs, distinguish long and short vowel sounds within words, read and spell approximately 200 CVC words, spell other words phonetically (drawing in knowledge of sound-letter relationships).
  • The scope and sequence is as follows per Unit:
    • Unit 1: Letter-Keyword-Sound for consonants and short vowels
    • Unit 2: Blending and reading three-sound short vowel words
    • Unit 3: Blending sounds in nonsense CVC words; segmenting and spelling three-sound short vowel words
    • Unit 4: Concept of consonant digraph, keywords and sounds of wh, ch, sh, th, ck; spelling three-sound words with digraphs, spelling ck at the end of words
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Skills Taught in Fundations, Phonics, pages 4-5, phonics instruction is explained. A routine is established for learning letter names and sounds. The sequence used is: say the letter, keyword, and sound (b-bat-/b/). Fundations teaches sounds in two directions - letter to sound (see letter and identify sound) and sound to letter (hear sound and identify the letter).  In addition to sound-symbol instruction, Level K Fundations teaches students how to blend sounds into words beginning with blending CVC words starting with the continuous consonant sounds (f, m, n, l, r, s). Blending is taught with the finger-tapping procedure used in the Wilson Reading System. Students are provided opportunities to decode words, phrases, and sentences that contain specific letter-sound relationships. Nonsense words are also used. There is no further explanation as to why the program presents letters to students in the order chosen.
  • In the PLC, Printable Resources, Getting Started, and in the Fundations Program Information, there is an explanation for the layout of sounds mastery and key linkages as well as phonics/word study and advanced word study. The document explains the incorporation of teaching the six syllable types, the utilization of the six syllable types, and a breakdown of phonics skills taught in each level of the Fundations program. 

Materials have a clear research-based explanation for the order of the phonics sequence. Examples include:

  • According to the Teacher’s Manual, page 3, “In kindergarten, the sequence of letter and sound introduction is carefully considered based upon this integrated approach. It is preferable to teach the reading, spelling, and writing of sounds and letters that reflect ease of learning, and frequency in English and similarities of strokes in writing. (Wolf, 2011, page 191)”
  • According to the Teacher's Manual, page 3, “In Fundations, the sequence of letters presented is based upon these principles (ease of production of the letter, continuity of stroke, similarity of strokes to those letters previously taught, ease of perception and production of the sound associated with the letter) for an integrated and multi-sensory approach.”

Phonics instruction is based in high utility patterns and/or common phonics generalizations. Examples include:

  • The common sounds for the 26 letters are taught in Level K, Unit 1. 
  • The following digraphs are taught in Level K: wh, ch, sh, th, ck.

Patterns and generalizations are carefully selected to provide a meaningful and manageable number of phonics patterns and common generalizations for students to learn deeply. Examples include:

  • Patterns taught are based in closed syllable rules. 
    • For example, in Unit 4, ck/k/ is taught to follow a short vowel.

Indicator 2e

Materials contain strategies for informing all stakeholders, including students, parents, or caregivers about the Foundational Skills program and suggestions for how they can help support student progress and achievement.
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten meet the criteria for the expectation that the materials contain strategies for informing all stakeholders, including students, parents, or caregivers about the ELA/literacy program and suggestions for how they can help support student progress and reading achievement. 

The Level K Fundations program includes detailed home support packs to inform students, parents, and caregivers about the program and suggestions for how to support student progress and achievement at home. Home support packs are included for overview information, routines and orientation, and for each unit of the program. The instructions for home support are detailed in parent-friendly language. Activities and practice pages included in the home pack are available for all units. Through the online companion, Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC), support is provided for school administration and school leader stakeholder support for student progress and reading achievement.

Materials contain jargon-free resources and processes to inform all stakeholders about foundational skills taught at school. For example:

  • In the Level K Fundations Home Support Pack, family letters are provided at the beginning of each unit. The letter informs about upcoming skills, activities to do at home, and at-home book suggestions. For example:
    • The K Fundations Unit 2 Family letter includes, “During the next several weeks, I will be teaching or reviewing: letter formation for upper-case (capital) letters A, B, C…; letter sequence a-z, story prediction, reading short vowel words (3 sounds).”
  • In the PLC, Collaboration, Printable Resources, a document is included for Principal Walk Throughs. The document lists components that should be in place in Fundations classrooms and general implementation components. 

Materials provide stakeholders with strategies and activities for practicing phonological awareness, phonics and word recognition, fluency, and print concepts that will support students in progress towards and achievement of grade-level foundational skills standards. For example:

  • In the Level K Fundations Home Support Pack, support pack sheets are included and organized by the lesson/week. 
    • In Unit 2, Weeks 2-4 home support pack includes a letter to help one’s child blend sounds to make words. The letter includes information on how to help children blend sounds to make words through tapping sounds. An example is included with visuals.
    • Word lists for Unit 2, Week 2, Week 3, and Week 4 are listed. A Make Words Activity sheet is included for Weeks 2, 3, and 4. The parent is instructed to write a word on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday from the list. The student then finds and places letters on the boxes. The student then taps and reads the words.  
  • In the Level K Fundations Home Support Pack, page 2 of the Orientation Letter, parents and caregivers are encouraged to use strategies to support the literacy process. On page 4, strategy suggestions for supporting oral expression and vocabulary development are provided by encouraging the child to answer “wonder” statements. The individual alphabet pages reinforce what the student is learning during the lessons.
  • In the Level K Fundations Home Support Pack provides a parent letter explaining correct pencil grip and information about the writing grid utilized in the Fundations program.
  • In the PLC, a revised home support pack for Unit 4 is included. A Spanish version is included as well.

Criterion 2f - 2f.ii

Program includes work with decodables in K and Grade 1, and as needed in Grade 2, following the grade-level scope and sequence to address both securing phonics.
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Criterion Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for the inclusion of decodable texts that include phonics and high-frequency words aligned to the program’s scope and sequence and opportunities for students to use decodables for multiple readings.

Indicator 2f

Aligned Decodable Texts
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Indicator 2f.i

Materials include decodable texts with phonics aligned to the program’s scope and sequence and opportunities for students to use decodables for multiple readings.
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials include decodable texts with phonics aligned to the program’s scope and sequence.

The Level K Fundations materials one decodable text for students to read aligned to the program’s scope and sequence. Storytime activities that begin in Unit 3 (approximately 16 weeks into the year), are included once a week on Day 5. The companion website, the Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC), shows there are four texts available for Storytime activities in the Level K materials. Of these four texts, one is decodable for the students at the time it is utilized. Most Storytime activities direct teachers to use either a projected story of a few sentences or ask the teacher to select and identify a text on their own. The teacher reads the text to students, and students echo back what the teacher says. Opportunities are missed for students to read texts without echoing the teacher or another student. The Level K Fundations materials do not include decodable texts in book form for students to read.

Materials include one decodable text to address securing phonics.

  • In the PLC, there is one decodable passage for students to read during Unit 4, Weeks 3 & 4 on Day 5. The passage is called “Cod Fish.”

There is one decodable text to contain grade-level phonics skills aligned to the program’s scope and sequence.

  • In the PLC, the decodable passage has CVC words such as red, net, cod, fish, cat, and dish.

There are two lesson plans with detailed lesson plans for repeated readings of the  decodable text to address securing phonics skills.

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 3, Day 5, Storytime, page 331, students read “Cod Fish” silently sentence by sentence. One student reads the sentence aloud. The class repeats the sentence. Students read the entire story chorally.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 5, Day 5, Storytime, page 341, the teacher asks students to read the title silently and  have students try to remember the “movie” in their mind. Students read “Cod Fish” chorally as the teacher points to the words with Baby Echo.

Indicator 2f.ii

Materials include decodable texts with high-frequency words aligned to the program’s scope and sequence and opportunities for students to use decodables for multiple readings.
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials include decodable texts with high-frequency words aligned to the program’s scope and sequence.

The Level K Fundations materials include one decodable text aligned to the program’s scope and sequence for students to read. In Unit 4, the decodable text, “Cod Fish” contains some Trick Words from Unit 3. Storytime activities direct teachers to use either a projected story of a few sentences or ask the teacher to select and identify a text on their own. A teacher would have to find a decodable text aligned to the Fundations phonics sequence and high-frequency words sequence. During Storytime activities, the teacher is reading the text to students, and students echo back what the teacher reads. Opportunities are missed for students to read text without echoing the teacher or another student. The Level K Fundations materials do not include decodable texts in book form for students to read.

Materials include one decodable text that utilizes high-frequency words. For example:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 3, Storytime, Day 5, page 331, utilizes a scooped story, “Cod Fish”, on chart paper. Students are asked to read the title silently and tap words if needed. The title is then discussed and students predict what the story might be about. The students continue reading one sentence at a time. They read and tap independently first. Then one student reads the sentence and the class repeats. After reading the story once in this manner, the class chorally reads it. High-frequency words used in this text from Unit 3 are: a, the, his. The activity ends with students marking words as directed. 

The one decodable text contains a few grade-level high-frequency words. For example:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Storytime, Day 5, page 331, students read “Cod Fish,” which contains the following high-frequency words: a, the, his

Materials include two detailed lesson plans for repeated readings of decodable texts to address securing reading high-frequency words in context. For example:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 3, Day 5, Storytime, page 331, students read “Cod Fish” silently sentence by sentence. One student reads the sentence aloud. The class repeats the sentence. Students read the entire story chorally.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Week 5, Day 5, Storytime, page 341, the teacher asks students to read the title silently. Students remember the “movie” in their minds. Students read the “Cod Fish” chorally as the teacher points to the words with Baby Echo.

Criterion 2g - 2i.iii

Materials provide teachers resources and tools to collect ongoing data about student progress on the Standards. Materials also provide teachers with strategies for meeting the needs of a range of learners so that students demonstrate independence with grade-level standards.
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Criterion Rating Details

The instructional materials regularly and systematically offer assessment for mastery of letter recognition and printing letters.  However, the materials do not provide consistent opportunities to measure student progress in print concepts, phonological awareness, phonics, word recognition, and word analysis. Teacher supports for reteaching are not consistently available throughout the program. The instructional materials contain notations about standards alignment, however the individual assessments are not labeled with those alignments. Supports are regularly provided for students performing below grade level, though supports for English language learners and students performing above grade level are limited. 

Indicator 2g

Regular and Systematic Opportunities for Assessment
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Indicator 2g.i

Materials regularly and systematically offer assessment opportunities that measure student progress through mastery of print concepts (K-1), letter recognition (K only), and printing letters (as indicated by the program scope and sequence) (K-1).
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials regularly and systematically offer assessment opportunities that genuinely measure student progress through mastery of print concepts (K-1), letter recognition (K only), and printing letters (as indicated by the program scope and sequence) (K-1). 

The Level K Fundations materials includes end-of unit-assessments. The Level K Fundations program explicitly assesses letter knowledge. Unit Test 1 and Unit Test 2 assessments include letter recognition of 10 letters each. Additional letter recognition assessment probes can be found in the progress monitoring materials through the online companion, the Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC). The Unit 1 Mid-Unit Check and the Unit 1 test both require the teacher to show a sound card, point to the letter, and have the student name each letter.  There is not an end-of-year cumulative letter recognition assessment that all students would take to show the teacher students’ current skills in letter knowledge. The Level K Fundations materials include assessment on letter formation at the end of Units 1 and 2. These letter formation assessments ask students to write 10 given letters. Letter formation in isolation is not assessed beyond Unit 2. The assessment materials do not assess print concepts in any of the provided assessments. 

Examples of materials regularly and systematically provide a variety of assessment opportunities over the course of the year to demonstrate students’ progress toward mastery and independence of print concepts, letter recognition, and letter formation. Materials provided by the program do not regularly measure student progress of print concepts.

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, after Week 12, pages 184-185, the Unit 1 test assesses lowercase letters, letters and sounds, and letter formation.
    • In the Level K Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, page 184, the unit test includes a section on identification of lower case letters. The teacher points to letters using the standard sound cards. Students name each letter. The teacher asks what is this letter, the keyword, and the sound. If the student is unable to name the letters, students find letters. The Unit 1 assessment includes identification of a, j, r, k, z,e, b, o, g, and v. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, page 229, the Unit Test 2 includes a section where students are asked to place letter tiles on alphabet board and recite the alphabet in order. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Week 6, page 407, Final Unit Assessment, students are asked to write letters for 5 sounds given, 10 words, and one dictated sentence. From those dictations, one uppercase letter and 19 lowercase letters are assessed. 

Examples of assessment materials provide teachers and students with information concerning students’ current skills/level of understanding of print concepts, letter recognition, and letter formation. 

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, page 229, the teacher dictates uppercase letters, and students write the given letters on the large writing grid.  Uppercase letters assessed include G, T, N, F, Z, X, P, B, H, and V
  • Through the online companion, the Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC), the Level K Beginning to Mid-year teacher record progress monitoring assessment, 16 probes are provided for letter naming. Students are asked to read as many letters as they can in 60 seconds.  
  • Through the online companion, the Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC), under Resources, a Unit Test Tracker allows the teacher to track individual student mastery of letter identification.

Examples of materials support teachers with general instructional suggestions for assessment-based steps to help students to progress toward mastery in print concepts, letter recognition, and letter formation.

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1, page 184, the unit test includes a section where the teacher dictates letters and students write the letters on their dry erase tablet. The teacher is instructed to hold students accountable for correct letter formation. The Unit Test 1 recording form includes the letters t, p, c, e, g, d, n, h, f, and a. The teacher manual indicates that if students do not score at least 8/10 on any given item, the student will need additional assistance with the assessed skill. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher Manual's, Unit 4, page 342, the Unit 4 Test information for the teacher states: For any struggling students, meet with them individually to discuss errors and explain areas that need to be further practiced.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher Manual's, Unit 5, page 407, the Unit 5 Test information for the teacher states:  If a student does not score at least ⅘ correct on any given item, this student will need additional assistance with the assessed skill.

Indicator 2g.ii

Materials regularly and systematically offer assessment opportunities that measure student progress of phonological awareness (as indicated by the program scope and sequence). (K-1)
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for the expectation that the materials regularly and systematically offer assessment opportunities that genuinely measure student progress of phonological awareness (as indicated by the program scope and sequence).

The Level K Fundations materials include some opportunities to assess phonological awareness skills. Blending and segmenting are assessed in one unit each. Through the online companion, the Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC), phoneme segmentation progress monitoring probes are provided. Students are assessed on their ability to blend (Unit 2) and segment words (Units 3 and 4). Not all of the phonological awareness skills identified on the Level K scope and sequence are formally assessed, including rhyming and the manipulation of phonemes. Assessment opportunities are not offered comprehensively, regularly, or systematically to measure overall phonological awareness progress.

Materials systematically provide some assessment opportunities over the course of the year to demonstrate students’ progress toward mastery and independence in phonological awareness.

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3 Test, page 296, the teacher assesses each students’ skills in segmenting the following words: tap, sheep, job, dig, note, bait, bib, pet, coat, lead.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4 Test, page 342, the teacher assesses each students’ skills in segmenting the following words before students find the corresponding Letter Tiles: moth, sick, mash, chin, luck.
  • In the Level K Fundations, PLC, Mid- and End-of-Year Progress Monitoring phoneme segmentation probes (16 total) are included. The teacher states a word and the student segments the word.

Assessment materials provide teachers and students with some information concerning  students’ current skills/level of understanding of phonological awareness.

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2 Test, page 229, each student is assessed on the ability to blend sounds to form words. The teacher states the sounds one at a time, and the student blends the sounds to form words. Five words are included: sat, fit, poke, made, and zap.  
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3 Test, page 296, students are assessed on their ability to correctly segment words into its sounds (10 words) and correctly tapping and reading words (5 words).

Materials support teachers with limited instructional suggestions for assessment-based steps to help students to progress toward mastery in phonological awareness. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations, Unit 1, Unit Test, page 184, the text details that the teacher should extend the time in this unit if 80% of the class does not demonstrate mastery (80%) on the unit test. For any struggling students, the teacher is instructed to meet with them individually to discuss errors and explain areas that need to be further practiced. 
  • In the Level K Fundations, Unit 2, Unit Test, page 229, the text details that the teacher should extend the time in this unit if 80% of the class does not demonstrate mastery (80%) on the unit test. For any struggling students, the teacher is instructed to meet with them individually to discuss errors and explain areas that need to be further practiced. 
  • In the Level K Fundations, Unit 3, Unit Test, page 296, the text details that the teacher should extend the time in this unit if 80% of the class does not demonstrate mastery (80%) on the unit test. For any struggling students, the teacher is instructed to meet with them individually to discuss errors and explain areas that need to be further practiced.

Indicator 2g.iii

Materials regularly and systematically offer assessment opportunities that measure student progress of phonics in- and out-of-context (as indicated by the program scope and sequence). (K-2)
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials regularly and systematically offer assessment opportunities that genuinely measure student progress of phonics (as indicated by the program scope and sequence). 

The Level K Fundations materials include limited opportunities to measure student progress of all grade-level phonics taught. Assessment questions are included for students to tap and blend sounds to read a CVC word beginning in Unit 2 on the unit tests. Through the online companion, the Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC), progress monitoring probes are included to address this topic. For students not scoring 80% or higher on unit tests, instruction is suggested to provide additional assistance with the assessed skill, and teachers are directed to see the Intervention Guidelines on the PLC. While the guidelines indicate the need for an additional 15 minutes daily of instruction with three activities for each day, the guidelines are not specific for deficits identified on the unit assessment. The unit tests do not include a full assessment of all phonics taught. Unit assessments do not provide a complete measure of student progress.

Materials provide resources and tools to collect ongoing data about students’ progress in phonics. Examples include:

  • In the PLC, Intervention, Level K Unit 1 Mid-Unit Check, the teacher states a sound and the student points to the appropriate letter tile (d, s, a, u, c, g, f, o, n, i).
  • In the PLC, Intervention, Level K Mid-End Year Progress Monitoring, students say sounds and read full words for as many words as possible in 60 seconds. Sixteen probes are included. Additionally, nonsense word probes are included.
  • In the PLC, Unit Test Assessments, there are Test Recording Forms, Whole Class Test Trackers, and Individual Test Trackers.

Materials offer assessment opportunities to determine students’ progress in phonics that are implemented systematically. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1 Test, pages 184-185, students give the name and sound for 10 of the 26 lowercase letters. Students are asked to point to 10 different lowercase letters when the sound is given. 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2 Test, page 329, students are assessed on their skills to read CVC words. The teacher makes words with the Standard Sound Cards. Students tap and blend to read each word (map, nap, run, lip, net, set, sit, rob, mud, box). 
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3 Test, page 296, students are assessed on their skills to tap and read words. The teacher forms words using the student’s Letter Board and Letter Tiles. The student taps and reads the words (top, gum, dip, bet, wax). Students are also assessed on their ability to tap and spell words. The teacher says a word and students repeat the word, tap it and find the letter tiles to spell the word their Letter Board (quit, job, yes, mad, bug).  
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5 Test, page 407, students write five letter(s) for: two digraphs, one short vowel, and two consonants. Students also write five CVC words: one with the -th digraph, two with -ck, and two with short vowels.

Assessment opportunities for students to demonstrate progress toward mastery and independence with phonics are limited since assessments are provided at the end of each unit (5 units), and there is one Mid-Unit Check in Unit 1. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1 Mid-Unit Check, the materials suggest the teacher print the Mid-Unit Check if they do not have a Benchmark assessment.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2 Test, students tap and read 10 words such as map, sit, box.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4 Test, students tap and read 5 words such as shop, much, peck.

Assessment materials provide teachers and students with some information about students’ current skills/level of understanding of phonics. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 1 Test, the teacher learns about if a student can identify letter-sound associations for s, n, i, kw, f, u, h, l, p, m.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3 Test, the teacher learns the words a student can tap and read as well as the words a student can tap and spell.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5 Test, the teacher learns the sounds a student can encode as well as the words a student can encode.

Materials support teachers with limited instructional suggestions for assessment-based steps to help students to progress toward mastery in phonics. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations, Unit 2, Unit Test, page 229, the text details that the teacher should extend the time in this unit if 80% of the class does not demonstrate mastery (80%) on the unit test. For any struggling students, the teacher is instructed to meet with them individually to discuss errors and explain areas that need to be further practiced. 
  • In the Level K Fundations, Unit 4, Unit Test, page 342, the text details that the teacher should extend the time in this unit if 80% of the class does not demonstrate mastery (80%) on the unit test. For any struggling students, the teacher is instructed to meet with them individually to discuss errors and explain areas that need to be further practiced. 
  • In the Level K Fundations, Unit 5, Unit Test, page 407, the text details that the teacher should extend the time in this unit if 80% of the class does not demonstrate mastery (80%) on the unit test. For any struggling students, the teacher is instructed to meet with them individually to discuss errors and explain areas that need to be further practiced.

Indicator 2g.iv

Materials regularly and systematically offer assessment opportunities that measure student progress of word recognition and analysis (as indicated by the program scope and sequence). (K-2)
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials regularly and systematically offer assessment opportunities that genuinely measure student progress of word recognition and analysis (as indicated by the program scope and sequence). 

The Level K Fundations materials provide limited opportunities for assessment of word recognition and analysis. Materials include five unit assessments for each unit of Level K Fundations. Beginning in Unit 2 and continuing throughout the materials, students are assessed on the reading of CVC words on the unit test. Word recognition is in assessment materials for Units 4 and 5. In Unit 4, the student identifies the Trick Word dictated by the teacher. In Unit 5, students identify five Trick Words. Progress monitoring probes are included to address sight word knowledge in the Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC). Materials provide limited explicit support to teachers in regards to instructional adjustments to help students make progress. Level K assessments do not require students to read all of the learned high-frequency words addressed in the Level K materials.

Examples of materials regularly and systematically provide a variety of assessment opportunities over the course of the year to demonstrate students’ progress toward mastery and independence of word recognition (high-frequency words or irregularly spelled words) and analysis include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Unit Test, page 296, the test assesses phoneme segmentation, CVC word decoding, CVC word encoding (spelling), and retelling of a story.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Unit Test, page 407, students are assessed in writing a dictated sentence, identifying Trick Words, and reading a sentence. The dictated sentence is: The rat had a nap. Trick words identified include by, my, or, for and have. The sentence students read is: Ted had a reg bug.

Examples of assessment materials provide teachers and students with information concerning students’ current skills/level of understanding of word recognition and word analysis include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Unit Test, page 342, the teacher lays out Trick Word flashcards taught, and students are asked to find the trick word that is dictated.  
  • In the PLC, Progress Monitoring, Level K, Level K Teacher Record (mid-end of year), sight word probes are included. Students are instructed to read as many sight words as possible in 60 seconds.

Materials support teachers with limited instructional suggestions for assessment-based steps to help students to progress toward mastery in word recognition and word analysis. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations, Unit 3, Unit Test, page 296, the text details that the teacher should extend the time in this unit if 80% of the class does not demonstrate mastery (80%) on the unit test. For any struggling students, the teacher is instructed to meet with them individually to discuss errors and explain areas that need to be further practiced. 
  • In the Level K Fundations, Unit 4, Unit Test, page 342, the text details that the teacher should extend the time in this unit if 80% of the class does not demonstrate mastery (80%) on the unit test. For any struggling students, the teacher is instructed to meet with them individually to discuss errors and explain areas that need to be further practiced. 
  • In the Level K Fundations, Unit 5, Unit Test, page 407, the text details that the teacher should extend the time in this unit if 80% of the class does not demonstrate mastery (80%) on the unit test. For any struggling students, the teacher is instructed to meet with them individually to discuss errors and explain areas that need to be further practiced.

Indicator 2h

Materials include publisher-produced alignment documentation of the standards addressed by specific questions, tasks, and assessment and assessment materials clearly denote which standards are being emphasized.
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for assessment materials include publisher-produced alignment documentation of the standards addressed by specific questions, tasks, and assessment materials clearly denote which standards are being emphasized.

The Level K Fundations curriculum and materials include a publisher-produced alignment document that states the standards and where in the program those standards are addressed, including material/unit/page number through the online companion, Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC). Standards are not listed in the daily lesson plans or teacher materials. Beyond reference in the Preface, the standards are not identified throughout the Teacher's Manual. The Level K Fundations materials do not provide a clear identification of the foundational skills standards featured within the program provided assessments. The unit tests list general topics as part of the assessment with no standards denoted. The teacher must determine which part of each assessment relates to a standard. There is a Common Core Alignment Guide provided with the Publisher’s documents, but the alignment document does not include the assessments. The Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, where the program’s assessments are found, does not include an alignment to the standards. 

Materials do not include denotations of the standards being assessed in the formative assessments.

Materials do not include denotations of standards being assessed in the summative assessments.

  • In the PLC, Level K Mid-Unit Check, Unit Test Materials, there is no indication of the College and Career Ready Standards alignment.
  • In the Level K Teacher's Manual, pages 184 and 185, the Unit 1 assessment does not provide alignment to CCSS.

An alignment documentation is provided for some tasks, questions, and assessment items. For example:

  • In the Level K Teacher’s Manual, Preface, page VI, “Fundations provides specific measurable learning objectives which are aligned to the College and Career Ready Standards (Common Core State Standards CCSS).”
  • In the PLC, Activity Resources, Storytime Activities, Guiding Questions, additional questions aligned to CCSS are provided.

Alignment documentation contains specific standards correlated to specific lessons. For example: 

  • In the PLC, Printable Resources, Getting Started, there is a Common Core Standards for English Language Arts Correlations for Levels K-3 document.  The document reviews how Fundations addresses Common Core State Standards and Foundational Skills. Standards are listed, per grade level, with material/unit/page number where the standard is addressed in the program.

Indicator 2i

Differentiation for Instruction: Materials provide teachers with strategies for meeting the needs of a range of learners so the content is accessible to all learners and supports them in meeting or exceeding grade-level standards.
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Indicator 2i.i

Materials regularly provide all students, including those who read, write, speak, or listen in a language other than English with extensive opportunities for reteaching to meet or exceed grade-level standards.
2/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials regularly provide all students, including those who read, write, speak, or listen in a language other than English with extensive opportunities for reteaching meet or exceed grade-level standards.  

The Level K Fundations materials provide some differentiated instructional guidance for teaching students who are English Learners (EL). The introductory Student Success section of the Teacher's Manual provides research, a rationale, and principles appropriate to teaching EL students. Materials provide limited differentiated instruction suggestions described for EL students and less additional materials provided for EL students to be successful. The Teacher's Manual suggests that teachers provide additional supports in vocabulary and background knowledge by showing students pictures or using props and gestures while creating opportunities for students to practice new vocabulary. It suggests using open-ended questions, which allow students to recognize instead of retrieval. These suggestions are unmet with examples ,and therefore cannot be guaranteed for consistency nor quality. The text states that EL students benefit from principles of instruction built into Fundations including the teacher modeling and multi-sensory approach. There are missed opportunities for daily plans to identify specific suggestions for English Learners.

Materials provide limited support for EL students. For example: 

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Student Success, Differentiated Instruction, page 12, “ELs as well as students with language-based learning disabilities may have more difficulty retrieving the words to express concepts during the lesson. They may need to be given a choice of responses (such as ‘Is this a digraph or a blend?’) instead of asking open-ended questions (such as ‘What is this called?’). 

General statements about EL students or few strategies note at the beginning of a unit or at one place in the teacher edition are then implemented by the materials throughout the curriculum.

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Student Success, Differentiated Instruction, page 12, states that the key principles in Fundations critical for EL students are:
    • Integration of listening, speaking, reading and writing
    • Explicitly modeled skill and strategy instruction
    • Verbal explanation for concepts enhanced by visual, physical and kinesthetic involvement
    • Opportunities for student interaction in supportive groups
    • Procedures that ensure student engagement with hands-on activities
    • Clear and consistent directions and cueing systems
    • Ample opportunities to reinforce skills
    • Scaffolded instruction
    • Repetition of vocabulary, including vocabulary of word structure(such as digraph, short vowel)
    • Assessment of current knowledge that is performance rather than language-based

Indicator 2i.ii

Materials regularly provide all students, including those who read, write, speak, or listen below grade-level with extensive opportunities for reteaching to meet or exceed grade-level standards.
4/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten meet the criteria for materials regularly provide all students, including those who read, write, speak, or listen below grade level with extensive opportunities for reteaching to meet or exceed grade-level standards. 

The Level K Fundations materials provide differentiated instructional principles for students who are below grade level using this program. The Level K Teacher's Manual suggests how Learning Activities can be differentiated to support struggling students at the introduction of each unit. Differentiation ideas are not included in daily lesson plans. Materials from the online companion, the Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC), provide additional lesson support activities to be used as interventions or in a small group setting for students identified below grade level outside of the core program. The Teacher's Manual and the PLC provide instructional scaffolding techniques and additional opportunities to reteach below grade level students to meet or exceed grade-level standards.

Materials provide opportunities for small group reteaching. Examples include:

  • In the PLC, Intervention, Intervention Resources, resources are included to support the instruction of students below grade level including:
    • A list of activities/supports is included indicating additional activities a teacher can do with a struggling student. Activities can be done in a smaller group or one-on-one to work on specific skills. Teachers can look at errors on probes to determine the instruction needed.
    • Intervention Weekly Planners, a weekly planner for K through Level 3 is included. The weekly planner is blank, and teachers are able to fill in based on student needs.
    • Intervention Learning Plan Template, a template is included for teachers to plan daily intervention lessons. The template is blank for teachers to fill in based on student need. There is a completed learning plan for teachers to view.

Materials provide guidance to teachers for scaffolding and adapting lessons and activities to support students who read, write, speak, or listen below grade level in extensive opportunities to learn foundational skills at the grade-level standards. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Learning Activity Overview, Alphabetical Order, Differentiation, page 22, teachers are directed to differentiate this learning activity for struggling students by pairing a struggling student with a student who is more proficient or to provide the student with a board that has the letters placed on the blank side in alphabetical order, rather than randomly placed. Students should point to each letter as the class recites the alphabet.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, Unit Test, page 342, it directs teachers with struggling students to meet with them individually to discuss errors and explain areas that need to be further practiced.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Learning Activity Overview for Dictation/Words, Differentiation, page 26, teachers are directed to be aware of students’ “trouble spots” such as the spelling of words with the letter x and to circulate and provide additional assistance to struggling students by helping them tap or with questions to guide them to determine the letter for a sound. These suggestions are to be utilized during all of the Dictation/Words learning activities.
  • In the PLC, Intervention, Intervention Resources, resources are included to support the instruction of students below grade level including:  An intervention inventory report, general lesson guidelines, additional lesson support activities, intervention learning plan template, completed intervention learning plan template, intervention weekly planners, intervention activity strips, and fluency videos/practice templates.

Indicator 2i.iii

Materials regularly provide extensions and/or more advanced opportunities for students who read, write, speak, or listen above grade-level.
2/4
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Indicator Rating Details

The materials reviewed for Kindergarten partially meet the criteria for materials regularly provide extensions and/or more advanced opportunities for students who read, write, speak, or listen above grade level. 

The Level K Fundations materials provide some opportunities for extensions and advanced opportunities for students who are working above grade level. The Fundations Teacher's Manual shares brief suggestions for how to differentiate learning activities used throughout the program materials as well as ideas for differentiating each unit. The instructional suggestions shared are brief and do not involve the student going beyond the material presented. Opportunities are missed for advanced students to dive deeper into grade-level standards. Differentiation ideas for advanced students are not included in daily lesson plans.

Materials provide some opportunities for advanced students to investigate grade-level foundational skills at a greater depth. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Fundations, Teacher's Manual, Learning Activity Overview, Dictation/Sentences, Differentiation, page 28, the teacher is directed to form a small group of advanced students to do dictation f sounds, words, and sentences on composition paper, rather than on the dry erase tablet while also providing more challenging words and additional sentences.  
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 2, Overview, Differentiation, page 186, students can tap some words but can also read without tapping. Students can decode by thinking of a word that means the opposite or another word that is similar in meaning, discussing shades of meaning.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 5, Unit Preview for Differentiation, page 344, the teacher is directed to use an advanced student as an assistant and do the Dictation on Composition Paper using more challenging unit words and sentences.

There are some instances of advanced students simply doing more assignments than their classmates. Examples include:

  • In the Level K Teacher's Manual, Student Success - Engaging Students in Rigorous Work, page 10, teachers are directed to the guidelines for Differentiation to help challenge more advanced students.
    • In the Level K Teacher's Manual, Unit 3, Introduction - Differentiation, page 232, teachers are directed to encourage students to write more extensively in their My Fundations Journal.
  • In the Level K Fundations Teacher's Manual, Unit 4, teacher are directed to give advanced students additional sentences to read and practice fluency.

Criterion 2j - 2n

Materials support effective use of technology and visual design to enhance student learning. Digital materials are accessible and available in multiple platforms.
0/0
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Criterion Rating Details

The instructional materials reviewed include web-based resources, compatible with multiple Internet browsers, are platform neutral, follow universal programming style, and allow the use of tablets and mobile devices. All digital materials are for teacher use only. The design of the materials is clear and easy to read and do not provide unnecessary visual distraction.

Indicator 2j

Digital materials (either included as a supplement to a textbook or as part of a digital curriculum) are web-based, compatible with multiple Internet browsers (e.g., Internet Explorer, Firefox, Google Chrome, etc.), “platform neutral” (i.e., are compatible with multiple operating systems such as Windows and Apple and are not proprietary to any single platform), follow universal programming style, and allow the use of tablets and mobile devices.
0/0
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Indicator Rating Details

The digital materials (either included as supplementary to a textbook or as part of a digital curriculum) are web-based, compatible with multiple Internet browsers (e.g., Internet Explorer, Firefox, Google Chrome, etc.), “platform neutral” (i.e., are compatible with multiple operating systems such as Windows and Apple and are not proprietary to any single platform), follow universal programming style, and allow the use of tablets and mobile devices. 

The Levels K through 2 Fundations supplemental teacher materials located on the online companion, the Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC), are web-based and compatible with multiple Internet browsers such as Google Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Microsoft Edge. The PLC follows a universal programming style and allows the use of tablets and mobile devices. The PLC was successfully accessed on Apple Macbook, Windows PC, Microsoft Surface Tablet, Apple iPad, Google Chromebook, Android phone, and iPhone. While the PLC is compatible on mobile devices, the PLC is not responsive to mobile devices. On a mobile device, it continues in full website mode.

Indicator 2k

Materials support effective use of technology to enhance student learning.
0/0
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Indicator Rating Details

The Level K Fundations digital materials located on the online companion, the Prevention/Early Literacy Intervention Learning Community (PLC) are mainly intended for teacher use only. Students do not have access to this digital resource unless the teacher is projecting the Large Letter Formation Grid for Sky Write/Letter Formation or Echo/Letter Formation on the Interactive Whiteboard. The PLC contains teacher resources or printables for students. Four stories are located on the PLC for teachers to display during the Storytime lesson activities. These are found under My Resources, Printable Resources, Activity Resources, Storytime Resources.

Indicator 2l

Digital materials include opportunities for teachers to personalize learning for all students, using adaptive or other technological innovations.
0/0
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Indicator Rating Details

The Level K Fundations supplemental teacher materials located on the online companion, the Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC), are intended for teacher use. The PLC provides teacher resources under the Intervention tab, and teachers are able to download an editable lesson plan template for reteaching lesson plans. A completed lesson plan template is available for teachers to review. Other resources that can be personalized include a Unit Test Tracker which student names and dates can be added. There is not a student learning technology program within or in addition to the digital platform to personalize learning for students.

Indicator 2m

Materials can be easily customized for local use.
0/0
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Indicator Rating Details

The Level K Fundations digital teacher materials located on the online companion, the Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC), provide teacher resources that can be customized. On the PLC under My Resources tab, Printable Resources, and Planning tabs, for Level K, a fillable daily plan is provided along with sample learning plans, a blank template for a learning plan for reteaching, which includes the amount of time allotted for each activity. The remaining resource materials provided on the PLC are in pdf format and cannot be customized.

Indicator 2n

The visual design (whether in print or digital) is not distracting or chaotic, but supports students in engaging thoughtfully with the subject.
0/0
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Indicator Rating Details

The Level K Fundations visual design is not distracting or chaotic. The digital teacher materials located on the online companion, the Prevention/Early Intervention Learning Community (PLC), are for teacher use and are user-friendly. Other printable resources on the PLC are simple and engaging. Student print materials are not distracting. Materials, such as Vowel Extension Poster, Letter Board, Magnetic Letter Tiles, Dry Erase Writing Tablet, Student Notebook, My Fundations Journal, Desk Strip, and Echo Pointer are simple, yet engaging and free of distracting graphics or unnecessary information.

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Additional Publication Details

Report Published Date: 11/13/2019

Report Edition: 2012

Title ISBN Edition Publisher Year
Keyword Puzzles 978-1-5677-8140-3 Wilson Language Training 2012
Trick Words Flashcards K 978-1-5677-8155-7 Wilson Language Training 2012
Magnetic Letter Tiles K 978-1-5677-8442-8 Wilson Language Training 2012
Classroom Poster Set K (2 posters) 978-1-5677-8484-8 Wilson Language Training 2012
Large Sound Cards K 978-1-5677-8500-5 Wilson Language Training 2012
Standard Sound Cards K 978-1-5677-8501-2 Wilson Language Training 2012
Student Notebook K 978-1-5677-8520-3 Wilson Language Training 2012
Teacher Manual K 978-1-5677-8524-1 Wilson Language Training 2012
Home Support Pack K 978-1-5677-8527-2 Wilson Language Training 2012
Activity Cue Cards K 978-1-5677-8534-0 Wilson Language Training 2012
Sentence and Syllable Frames 978-1-56778-182-3 Wilson Language Training 2012
Magnetic Strips 978-1-56778-226-4 Wilson Language Training 2012
Manuscript Letter Formation Guides 978-1-56778-408-4 Wilson Language Training 2012
Letter Board K-1 978-1-56778-441-1 Wilson Language Training 2012
Alphabet Wall Strip 978-1-56778-459-6 Wilson Language Training 2012
Fundations Student Kit K 978-1-56778-469-5 Wilson Language Training 2012
Fundations Teacher?s Kit K Second Edition 978-1-56778-473-2 Wilson Language Training 2012
Desk Strip 978-1-56778-479-4 Wilson Language Training 2012
Dry Erase Writing Tablet 978-1-56778-480-0 Wilson Language Training 2012
Vowel Extension Poster 978-1-56778-494-7 Wilson Language Training 2012
My Fundations Journal 978-1-56778-538-8 Wilson Language Training 2012
Large Letter Formation Grid 978-1-56778-616-3 Wilson Language Training 2012
Large Dictation Grid 978-1-56778-617-0 Wilson Language Training 2012

About Publishers Responses

All publishers are invited to provide an orientation to the educator-led team that will be reviewing their materials. The review teams also can ask publishers clarifying questions about their programs throughout the review process.

Once a review is complete, publishers have the opportunity to post a 1,500-word response to the educator report and a 1,500-word document that includes any background information or research on the instructional materials.

Educator-Led Review Teams

Each report found on EdReports.org represents hundreds of hours of work by educator reviewers. Working in teams of 4-5, reviewers use educator-developed review tools, evidence guides, and key documents to thoroughly examine their sets of materials.

After receiving over 25 hours of training on the EdReports.org review tool and process, teams meet weekly over the course of several months to share evidence, come to consensus on scoring, and write the evidence that ultimately is shared on the website.

All team members look at every grade and indicator, ensuring that the entire team considers the program in full. The team lead and calibrator also meet in cross-team PLCs to ensure that the tool is being applied consistently among review teams. Final reports are the result of multiple educators analyzing every page, calibrating all findings, and reaching a unified conclusion.

Rubric Design

The EdReports.org’s rubric supports a sequential review process through three gateways. These gateways reflect the importance of standards alignment to the fundamental design elements of the materials and considers other attributes of high-quality curriculum as recommended by educators.

Advancing Through Gateways

  • Materials must meet or partially meet expectations for the first set of indicators to move along the process. Gateways 1 and 2 focus on questions of alignment. Are the instructional materials aligned to the standards? Are all standards present and treated with appropriate depth and quality required to support student learning?
  • Gateway 3 focuses on the question of usability. Are the instructional materials user-friendly for students and educators? Materials must be well designed to facilitate student learning and enhance a teacher’s ability to differentiate and build knowledge within the classroom. In order to be reviewed and attain a rating for usability (Gateway 3), the instructional materials must first meet expectations for alignment (Gateways 1 and 2).

Key Terms Used throughout Review Rubric and Reports

  • Indicator Specific item that reviewers look for in materials.
  • Criterion Combination of all of the individual indicators for a single focus area.
  • Gateway Organizing feature of the evaluation rubric that combines criteria and prioritizes order for sequential review.
  • Alignment Rating Degree to which materials meet expectations for alignment, including that all standards are present and treated with the appropriate depth to support students in learning the skills and knowledge that they need to be ready for college and career.
  • Usability Degree to which materials are consistent with effective practices for use and design, teacher planning and learning, assessment, and differentiated instruction.

ELA Foundational Skills Rubric and Evidence Guides

The ELA foundational skills review rubric identifies the criteria and indicators for high quality instructional materials. The rubric supports a sequential review process that reflect the importance of alignment to the standards then consider other high-quality attributes of curriculum as recommended by educators.

The ELA foundational skills rubric evaluates materials based on:

  • Alignment to Standards and Research-Based Practices for Foundational Skills Instruction
  • Implementation, Support Materials & Assessment

The ELA Evidence Guides complement the rubrics by elaborating details for each indicator including the purpose of the indicator, information on how to collect evidence, guiding questions and discussion prompts, and scoring criteria.

NOTE: The ELA foundational skills rubric contains only two gateways. The structural pieces that we normally review as a part of Gateway 3 (e.g. differentiation) in our comprehensive reviews are critical to the success of a program, and are, therefore, interspersed and combined with other indicators in Gateway 2.

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